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近五年高考英语语法填空真题精选10篇


来源:高中英语教学交流网 发布时间:2016-04-11 09:38:00 查看次数:

内容提要:文章的材料是一篇200词左右的短文或对话。难度适中,符合高中中等学生的阅读水平。有10个试题数,分值15分。从考查内容来看,试题分为给提示词和不给提示词两种。

    文章的材料是一篇200词左右的短文或对话。难度适中,符合高中中等学生的阅读水平。有10个试题数,分值15分。从考查内容来看,试题分为给提示词和不给提示词两种。

    给出提示词的包括:词形的转换(名词与动词的转换,形容词与副词的转换),形容词比较级与最高级的变化,名词单复数的变化,动词的时态、语 态及词形的变化等;

   不给出提示词的包括:根据上下文的语境填入冠词、连词、代词、副词或名词等。另外,给出的提示词较多(47个),考查词形变化的考点 偏多。未给出提示词的空处有填实词的考点,每空只填写一个词,挖空一般比较均匀。

Passage 1 (2015•新课标全国Ⅰ)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

YangshuoChina

It was raining lightly when I __1__ arrive in Yangshuo just before dawn.But I didn't care.A few hours __2__I'd been at home in Hong Kongwith __3__ it choking smog.Herethe air was clean and fresheven with the rain.

I'd skipped nearby Guilina dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River __4__ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese __5__ painting.InsteadI'd headed straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilinit's only an hour away __6__ car and offers all the scenery of the betterknown city.

Yangshuo __7__ be really beautiful.A study of travelers __8__ conduct by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world.And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Abercrombie & Kenta travel company in Hong Kongsays it __9__ regular arranges quick getaways here for people __10__ live in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

【语篇导读】

桂林山水甲天下,阳朔风光甲桂林。作者讲述了从香港去阳朔旅游时的所见。

1.解析:考查动词的时态。主句谓语动词使用了过去进行时,根据语境此处要用一般过去时态。

答案 arrived

2.解析:考查副词的用法。由语境可知,几个小时之前我还在香港的家中,由此可知before/earlier符合句意。

答案 before/earlier

3.解析:考查形容词性物主代词的用法。空格后面有名词smog,故要使用形容词性物主代词。

答案 its

4.解析:考查定语从句关系代词的用法。由句子结构不难判断这是一个定语从句。先行词为指物的mountain tops and dark waters,关系词在从句中作主语,因此答案为that/ which

答案 that/ which

5.解析:考查名词的复数。“so many+复数名词”为一常用短语。

答案 paintings

6.解析:考查介词的固定用法。根据句意可知,这只是驱车一小时的路程。“by+交通工具名词”为一固定短语。

答案 by

7.解析:考查主谓一致和动词时态。本段介绍阳朔的自然条件,属客观事实,要用一般现在时,由于主语是单数第三人称形式,因此答案为is

答案 is

8.解析:考查过去分词短语作后置定语的用法。studyconduct之间为动宾关系,故用表示被动的过去分词形式。此外,by是解题的关键词,conducted by...意为“由……所做的”。

答案 conducted

9.解析:考查副词的用法。该词修饰谓语动词arrange,故要用其副词形式。

答案 regularly

10.解析:考查现在分词短语作后置定语的用法。由于live与其所修饰的名词people之间为逻辑上的主谓关系,故用表示主动意义的现在分词形式。

答案 living

Passage 2 (2015•新课标全国Ⅱ)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

The adobe dwellings(土坯房)__1__build by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even __2__ most modern of architects and engineers.In addition to their simple beautywhat makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their __3__able to air conditiona house without __4__useelectric equipment.Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat __5__slowduring cool nightsthus warming the house.When a new day breaksthe walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough __6__ cool the house during the hot day__7__ the same timethey warm up again for the night.This cycle  __8__  go day after day: The walls warm up during the day and cool off during the night and are thus always a timely offset(抵消)for the outside temperatures.As__9__nature architectsthe Pueblo Indians figured out exactly__10__thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.

【语篇导读】

相比现代化的建筑,简陋的土坯房可谓丑陋不堪。但当代的建筑师却对其情有独钟。短文主要介绍了土坯房能够调节温度的原理。

1.解析:考查过去分词短语作后置定语。主语dwellings与动词build之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,故用过去分词形式。又由by一词的暗示也可知用表示被动意义的过去分词。

答案 built

2.解析:考查定冠词的用法。空格之后为形容词的最高级形式,故填定冠词。

答案 the

3.解析:考查形容词与名词的转换。形容词性物主代词their之后应当用名词,故将able转化为其名词形式。

答案 ability

4.解析:考查介词的用法。介词without之后的动词要用动名词形式。

答案 using

5.解析:考查副词的用法。由土坯制成的墙壁在炎热的白天吸收太阳的热量并在凉爽的夜间慢慢将热量释放出来。修饰谓语动词give out,因此要用副词形式。

答案 slowly

6.解析:考查固定句式的用法。“形容词+enough+动词不定式”为一常用句式。

答案 to cool

7.解析:考查固定短语的用法。at the same time意为“同时”,是一个常用介词短语。

答案 at

8.解析:考查动词的时态。这是一篇说明文,主要介绍了土坯房冬暖夏凉的原理,故用一般现在时态。

答案 goes

9.解析:考查形容词的用法。修饰名词architects,故要用形容词形式。

答案 natural

10.解析:考查宾语从句的连接词用法。分析句子结构可知,这是一个宾语从句。根据形容词thick及结构可知这里的意思是印第安人要算出土坯墙的确切厚度。所以答案为how

答案 how

Passage 3 (2015•福建)

阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。

Sometimes we have disagreements with people.When this 1h_____ the important thing is to try not to let a calm discussion turn into a heated argument.Here 2_____ my tips for you.

The 3f_____   thing I would say is that the way you begin the conversation is very important.

Imagine you are a student and you share a flat 4_____  another student who you think isn't doing her share of the housework.If you say, Look, you never do your share of the housework.5 _____   are you going to do about it?”, the discussion will very soon turn into an argument.It's much more 6_____ (有帮助)to say something like, I think we had 7b_____  have another look about how we divide up the housework.Maybe there is a better way of dealing with it.

My second piece of 8a_____  is simple.If you're the person who is in the wrong, just admit it! This is the easiest and best way to avoid an argument.Just make an 9_____  (道歉), and move on.The other person will have more respect for you 10_____  the future if you do that.

答案:

1.happens 
2.are 
3.first 
4.with 
5.What 
6.helpful/beneficial 
7.better 
8.advice 
9.apology 
10.in

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