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对比归纳巧学动词时态和语态


来源:百试乐微信公众号 发布时间:2018-01-19 10:48:00 查看次数:

内容提要:我们知道,高考考纲中要求掌握的10种时态,大部分在初中阶段就学完了。可是,当翻开教材时,我们发现所有的时态都是以某个动词为例,从肯定式到否定式,然后再到疑问式和简略答语逐一介绍的,学生学起来特别容易混淆。

用对比归纳法巧学动词时态和语态

广东省韶关市南雄中学  谭家龙

      我们知道高考考纲中要求掌握的10种时态大部分在初中阶段就学完了可是当翻开教材时我们发现所有的时态都是以某个动词为例从肯定式到否定式然后再到疑问式和简略答语逐一介绍的学生学起来特别容易混淆怎样才能让学生掌握好复杂易混的动词时态和语态呢?我们可采取以下对比归纳法进行复习

首先用对比法把这10种时态呈现出来不妨巧记为:3一般+3现在+3过去+1将来

1. 一般现在时

He waters the flowers every day .

→He doesn’t water the flowers every day .

→Does he water the flowers every day ?

Yes, he does./ No, he doesn’t 

→The flowers are watered by him every day.

2. 一般过去时

He watered the flowers yesterday .

→He didn’t water the flowers yesterday .

Did he water the flowers yesterday ?

Yes, he did./ No, he didn’t. 

→The flowers were watered by him yesterday.

3. 一般将来时

He will water/ is going to water the flowers tomorrow .

→He won’t water/ isn’t going to water the flowers tomorrow .

Will he water/ Is he going to water the flowers tomorrow ?

Yes, he will./ No, he won’t.

Yes, he is./ No, he isn’t.

→The flowers will be watered by him tomorrow.

4. 现在进行时

He is watering the flowers now .

→He isn’t watering the flowers now .

Is he watering the flowers now .

Yes, he is./No, he isn’t.

The flowers are being watered by him now.

5. 现在完成时

He has watered the flowers .

→He hasn’t watered the flowers .

→Has he watered the flowers?

Yes, he has./ No, he hasn’t.

The flowers have been watered by him.

6. 现在完成进行时

He has been watering the flowers this morning .

7. 过去进行时

He was watering the flowers at this time yesterday .

→He wasn’t watering the flowers at this time yesterday .

Was he watering the flowers at this time yesterday .

Yes, he was./ No, he wasn’t.

The flowers were being watered by him at this time yesterday.

8. 过去完成时过去的过去

He said he had watered the flowers.

→He said he hadn’t watered the flowers.

Had he watered the flowers?

Yes, he had./ No, he hadn’t.

The flowers had been watered by him.

9. 过去将来时过去为起点的将来

He said he would water the flowers.

→He said he wouldn’t water the flowers.

Would he water the flowers?

Yes, he would./ No, he wouldn’t.

10. 将来进行时

He will be watering the flowers .

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