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睡眠不足的教师


来源:高中英语教学交流网 发布时间:2015-05-15 08:07:00 查看次数:

内容提要:最近的一个测试中,做到了2015年深圳一模的一篇阅读,不少同事都有同感,特意翻译了一下,让更多的人了解一下。


If you are a sleep deprived teacher, you may not be aware of the term woodpeckering ,but you’ve probably done it. It happens the day following a bad night’s sleep. You’re sitting in a long meeting and you can barely keep your eyes open so you support your head up with your hand. Next thing you know, you are moving your sleeping head back to its uptight position. Do this a few times and you are woodpockering.

如果你是睡眠剥夺了的老师,你可能不知道啄木鸟点头这个词,但你可能已经做到了。它发生在晚上睡不好的第二天。你坐在一个冗长的会议,你几乎不能保持你的眼睛睁开, 所以你用手撑着你的头。下一件事,你知道,正在睡觉的你回到端坐的位置。这样做几次,你就是啄木鸟式点头。

I thought I knew sleep deprivation when I did my medical internship in hospital. That year I frequently went 36 hours with no sleep. When I finished my stay in neurology,I welcomed the promise of full nights of sleep ever after. It went pretty well for the next 10 years, until I became a school teacher and experienced a whole new level of sleep deprivation.

当我在医院实习时,我知道睡眠不足。那一年我经常36个小时不睡觉。当我完成我的实习,我承诺以后都睡个舒适的觉。接下来的十年,一直都很好,直到我成为一个教师并经历了一个全新的睡眠不足。

Teachers’ working hours go far beyond the 8 am to 5 pm schedule of kids in school. There are hours spent at staff meetings, correcting homework, preparing for the next day— and then there is the worrying. What I did in a hospital emergency room required no more intensive mental energy than what is needed to keep 30 kids attentive enough to learn what I was teaching.

教师的工作时间远远超过8点到下午5点。有时候在开会,批改作业,准备第二天的课——然后是令人担忧的事情。管好30个孩子所需要的精力比我在医院急诊室工作时需要的心理能量更多。

Good teachers are like magicians keeping a dozen balls in the air to come at right time, with alarm set for 6 am to finish grading papers, memories of the day that’s gone — including the students who didn’t understand something, forgot their lunch or were embarrassed by wrong answers. All these will become sleep resistant barriers. And also with some financial stress, you’ll have a cycle of insomnia with unwelcome consequences.

好老师就像魔术师保持12个球在空中正常运作。闹钟设置为6点,先完成批改试卷,回顾当天的工作——包括了学生不明白的东西,学生是否有吃午饭或者答错学生问题的尴尬。所有的这些将成为抗睡眠障碍。还有一些金融压力,你就会拥有一个周期的失眠。

With inadequate sleep comes irritability,forgetfulness, lower tolerance of even minor annoyances, and less efficient organization and planning. There are the very mental muscles that teachers need to meet the challenges of the next day. In wanting to do a better job the next day, the brain keeps bringing up the worries that deny the rest in needs.

 

睡眠不足会带来烦躁,健忘,甚至小烦恼和低效率的组织和规划。教师需要更多的心理能力去迎接第二天的挑战。想要第二天做得更好,当然就是前一天晚上要睡好啦。

 

36. After a bad night’s sleep, usually the direct effect for the next day is to _______ .

A.  keep one’s eye open all the time

B. move head back and forth

C. raise one’s head in upright position

D.keep nodding like a woodpecker

37. The writer’s new level of sleep deprivation began since he _______.

A. did his medical internship in hospital

B. began to teach in a school

C. left hospital ten years ago

D. went 36 hours with no sleep

38. From paragraph 3 we can infer that _______.

A. teachers’ work is comfortable

B. correcting homework needs less time

C. working in hospital is even tougher

D.teaching needs more mental energy

39. Good teachers’ sleep problems are mainly due to the _______.

A.common sleep-resistant barriers

B. embarrassment for wrong answers

C. diligence and devotion to teaching

D.misunderstanding of their students

40. What does the writer really want to tell us in the last paragraph?

A.Unfavorable effects of inadequate sleep are various

B. Lay down worries and sleep well first for the next day

C. Teachers should often practice mental muscles.

D.Better job has nothing to do with inadequate sleep

【答案解析】

【答案】D,细节题。根据原文第一段原文“you may not be aware of the term woodpeckering (啄木鸟式点头)but youve probably done it. It happens the day following a bad nights sleep.”得出,你可能不清楚啄木鸟式点头,但你已经这样做了,因为前一天晚没睡好。

【答案】B,细节题。根据第二段“until I became a school teacher and experienced a whole new level of sleep deprivation.”得出,我成为一名学校老师的时候经历了一个全新的睡眠剥夺程度。

【答案】D,推断题。根据第三段“What I did in a hospital emergency room required no more intensive mental energy than what is needed to keep 30 kids attentive enough to learn what I was teaching.”得出,我在医院紧急室里没有在学校经历的精神能量强度更大。

【答案】C,推断题。根据第四段“Good teachers are like magicians keeping a dozen balls in the air to come at right time, with alarm set for 6 am to finish grading papers, memories of the day thats gone”及“All these will become sleep resistant barriers.”推断出,老师在一天的工作时间内在不断处理种种事务,对教学工作很努力投入。

【答案】B,推断题。根据最后一段“With inadequate sleep comes irritability(易怒)forgetfulness, lower tolerance.”“There are the very mental muscles that teachers need to meet the challenges of the next day.”推断,教师没有充足的睡眠,会产生许多问题,没有足够的精神肌肉来满足第二天的需要,因此推出,需要提前睡好。 

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