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典型定语从句易错题详解


来源:高中英语教学交流
发布时间:2012-03-13 10:09:00
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内容提要:典型定语从句易错题详解

1、The factory was built in a secret place, around ______ high mountains.

  A. which was B. it was   C. which were D. them were

  【易错】容易误选A或B,将A、B中的 which 和 it 误认为是其后句子的主语。

  【分析】最佳答案是C,around which were high mountains 是一个由“介词+which”引出的非限制性定语从句,而在该从句中,主语是 high mountains,around which 是表语,所以句子谓语应用复数were,而不是用单数 was。请做以下类例题目(答案均为C):

  (1) Yesterday we visited a modern hospital, around _______ some fruit shops.

  A. which is B. it is  C. which are D. them are

  (2) The murder happened in an old building, beside ______ the city police station.

  A. which are B. it is  C. which is D. them are

  (3) Next month we’ll move to a new building, next to _______ a nice restaurants where we can have Chinese food.

  A. which are B. it is  C. which is D. them are

  2、A man with a bleeding hand hurried in and asked, “Is there a hospital around ______ I can get some medicine for my wounded hand?”

  A. that B. which  C. where D. what

  【易错】容易误选 B,认为 around 是介词,选 which 用以代替前面的名词 hospital,在此用作介词 around 的宾语。

  【分析】最佳答案为C。以上语法分析并不算错,但问题是,照此分析,此句的意思即为:有没有这样一个医院,我在它的附近可以买药治我的手伤?这样的语境显然有点不合情理,因为人们通常是在医院里面治伤,而不是在医院附近治伤。此题选 C 的理由是:句中的 around 不是介词,而是副词,意为“在附近”;其后的 where 引导定语从句用以修饰其前的地点名词 hospital,句意为:附近有没有一家医院,我可以去治我的手伤?

  _____ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month.

  A. It B. As  C. That D. What

  【易错】容易误选 A,认为此处应填一个形式主语。

  【分析】最佳答案是 B。as 引导的是一个非限制性定语从句。比较下面一题:

  3、_______ is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth once every month.

  A. It B. As  C. That D. What

  此题答案选 A,it 为形式主语,真正的主语是后面的 that 从句。

  再比较下面一组题,其中第(1)题选 B,第(2)题选 D:

  (1) ______ is mentioned above, the number of the students in senior school is increasing.

  A. Which B. As  C. That D. It

  (2) ______ is mentioned above that the number of the students in senior school is increasing.

  A. Which B. As  C. That D. It

  4、 David is such a good boy _______ all the teachers like.

  A. that B. who  C. as D. whom

  【易错】此题容易误选A,许多同学一看到题干中的such,再联系到选项中的 that,便认为这是考查such … that …句式。况且,这样理解意思也还通顺。

  【分析】最佳答案为C,不是A,因为在such … that … (如此……以至……)结构中,that 引导的是结果状语从句,并且 that 在从句中不充当句子成分,若在上句填入 such … that …,句末的动词 like 缺宾语。选C的理由如下:as 用作关系代词,用以引导定语从句,修饰其前的名词 boy,同时 as 在定语从句中用作动词 like 的宾语,句意为“所有老师都喜欢的一位好男孩”。有的同学可能还会问,假若选A,能否将其后的 that 视为引导定语从句的关系代词呢?不能,因为当先行词受到 such 的修饰时,其后的定语从句应用关系代词 as 来引导,而不用that。比较下面一题,答案为A,因为 like 后有自己的宾语 him:

  David is such a good boy _______ all the teachers like him.

  A. that B. who  C. as D. whom


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