阅读测试题的编写技巧 
  来源:高中英语教学交流
发布时间:2011年02月11日
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内容提要:人们的阅读方式主要有4种:泛读、精读、跳读和寻读。

    人们的阅读方式主要有4种:泛读、精读、跳读和寻读。

一、阅读材料的选择

1、  测试的目的为选择标准

2、  长度与篇数:

3、  题材范围:人物传记、社会、文化、日常生活、科普知识、经济、环境等

4、  题材多样:叙述文、说明文、议论文等

5、  材料的情节应有利于题目的编写

6、  语言难度适中

7、  无法猜测而又影响理解的关键词,如超出教学大纲词汇表,用汉语注明词义。

8、  材料的趣味性

9、  不选学生读过的或外界广为流传的

二、考试题型

1、 匹配题

单词匹配和图片-句子匹配

What’s this? It’s a ___________.

 A. koala  B. kangaroo  C. dinosaur   D. ostrich

2、 正误判断题

Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. After you read it, Mark Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage. Mark N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage. Mark NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage.

1)      The passage gives a general description of the structure and use of a landfill.

2)      Most of the trash that Americans generate ends up in landfills.

3)      Compared with other major industrialized countries, America buries a much higher percentage of its solid waste in landfills.

4)      Landfills are like compost piles in that they speed up decomposition of the buried trash.

5)      In most countries the selection of a landfill site is governed by rules and regulations.

提供信息的方法可以是照片或图画。如

1)  The dog on the floor is asleep.

2)  The baby is playing with the dog.

3)  The baby has just broken a toy car.

4)  The television set is on fire.

5)  The dog is behind the baby.

6)  The women has taken the flowers out of the bowl.

7)  One of the two boys is helping the women.

8)  The woman is going to pick up a book.

9)  The two boys are listening to the radio.

10)    The radio is on the table but the book is on the floor under the table.

3、 简答题(Short Answer Questions

As researchers learn more about how children’s intelligence develops, they are increasingly surprised by the power of parents. The power of the school has been replaced by the home. To begin with, all the factors which are part of intelligence — the child’s understanding of language learning patterns curiosity — are established well before the child enters school at the age of six. Study after study has shown that even after school begins, children’s achievements have been far more influenced by parents than by teachers. This is particularly true about learning that is language-related. The school rather than the home is given credit for variations in achievement in subjects such as science.

In view of their power it’s sad to see so many parents not making the most of their child’s intelligence. Until recently parents had been warned by educators who asked them not to educate their children. Many teachers now realize that children cannot be educated only at school and parents are being asked to contribute both before and after the child enters school.

Parents have been particularly afraid to teach reading at home. Of course children shouldn’t be pushed to read by their parents but educators have discovered that reading is best taught individually — and the easiest place to do this is at home. Many four and five-year-old who have been shown a few letters and taught their sounds will compose single words of their own with them even before they have been taught to read.

Questions: (注意:答题尽量简短,超过10个词要扣分。每条横线限写一个英语单词,标点符号不占格。)  

S1. What have researchers found out about the influence of parents and the school on children’s intelligence

______ ______ _______ _______ ________ _______ _______ ______ ______ ______

S2. What do researchers conclude about children’s learning patterns

______ ______ _______ _______ _______ ______ _______ ______ _______ _______

S3. In which area may school play a more important role?

______ ______ _______ _______ _______ _______ ______ ______ _______ _______

S4. Why did many parents fail to make the most of their children’s intelligence

______ ______ _______ _______ ________ _______ _______ ______ _____ _______

S5. The author suggests in the last paragraph that parents should be encouraged to ________.

_____ _______ ______ ________ ________ _______ _______ ______ _____ _______

  
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