高考英语书面表达材料写作精要
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发布时间:2009年03月13日
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一 日 记
日记是用来叙述一天生活中发生的有意义事件的文体,特别是那些具有教育意义或值得今后回忆,查阅或参考的事情.日记的素材应是最有趣或最有感受的一些事情.通常用用记叙文或简单的议论文体裁.字数不宜过多.
格式:一般是在左上角记上当天的日期(年,月,日),星期;右上角写上当天的天气情况.下面一行可以写上日记小标题,也可以不写标题.
时态:日记记叙的时间,通常是在当天的下午或是晚上,特殊情况下也可以第二天补记.因此,所用的时态多为过去时态.但应灵活掌握;如记叙天气,描写景色,或为了描写生动,议论某事,对话引语等,也可使用现在时.
类型:日记可分记事,议论,描写及抒情等.记事型是用英语记述当天自己生活,学习中发生的事情.议论型是对生活中的某一事情或情况,现象谈自己的看法,发表议论.描写型,抒情型,则是对某人物,事物的特征做细致的描述,或针对某事物抒发自己的感情.
(2)日记一般按事情发生的先后顺序记述,所以有时需要借助一些表示先后顺序的词语.如:at first, then, later on , afterwards, soon, finally, at last 等.
[范文]
April 9th, Sunday Fine
It is Sunday today. I didn’t get up as early as usual. In the morning after I finished my homework, I did some washing. Then I called Wu Gang and invited him to see the film "Lion King". But unfortunately when we got to the cinema at two o’clock in the afternoon, we found all the tickets had been sold out. Then we went back to school to play table tennis. After this when we were about to go home, we saw our English teacher Ms Liu at the school gate. She told us that we had made great progress in English this term. She suggested that we should do more reading and listening. We promised her that we would take her advice.

二 书 信
书信格式
一般格式
英文书信的构成可分为7个部分:
信头(Heading)
日期(Date)
收信人姓名及地址(Inside Name and Address)
称呼(Salutation)
信文(Body of the letter)
结束语(Complimentary close )
署名(Signature)
(1)信头(Heading)
信头是指发信人的单位名称或地址.一般情况下发信人只需把自己的地址写(打字,手写均可)在信的右上角,离开信纸的顶头约1英寸,占二三行或四行均可,格式如下:
①齐头式
256 West Nanjing Street
Nanchang, Jiangxi Province
China
② 缩进式
Henan Road
Shanghai
China
注意:写地址的次序与中文不同,应先写门牌号码街道,然后城市和国名.写地址时间采用齐
头或缩进式,以及每行后要不要加标点符号,都没有固定的规定,如写给经常往来的亲
友,这项地址也可以省略.
(2) 日期(Date)
写日期注意下列各点:
① 年份应写全.例如不能用"99"来代替"1999";
② 月份应写英文名称,除May, July外,可用缩写,如:Sep., Oct..但不要用数字来代替,如7/4/99或7,4,99,因为在英国此日期代表7th April, 1999, 而美国则代表4th July, 1999.
③日期可用1,2,3,4…11,12…21,22…31等,也可用1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th… 11th, 21st…22 nd, 31 st等.
日期的几种写法:
a: July 7, 1998
b. 1st October, 1998
c. 30 Nov., 1997
d. Sep. 3 rd, 1999
④ 特别注意英文书信日期应紧着写信人地址下一行,不能像写中文书信那样写在书信签名之后,这是很多学生的常见错误.
精选范文

P.O.Box 2089
Beijing, China
Sep. 7th. 1999

86 Bright Road
Manchester
England
12 Mar, 1999
(3) 收信人姓名及地址(inside Name and Address)
写信人的地址和日期写好以后,接着就要写收信人的姓名和地址,一般的事务信件或给较生疏的朋友的信件要写,而在给较熟的朋友的信中则可省去.这一项写在日期下一行的左上角.收信人姓名写一行,收信人地址可分两行或三行写,和写信人的地址一样,上下可取齐,也可向右缩进.在姓名前一般要加上称号,称号因人而异.
① 对普通男子用Mr.;
②对未婚女子用Miss;
③对已婚女子用Mrs., 对婚姻状况不明确的通常用Ms(后跟本人姓);
④对教授或博士(医生)用Prof. 或Dr.
精选范文
66 Smith Street
Manchester
England
27 May 1999
Mr. Jee Green
West Tenth Street
Hawaii
U.S.A.
(4) 称呼(Salutation)
称呼指的是信文开头的那种称呼,如Dear, Mr., uncle, 各种称呼因人而异.在称呼后面一般是用逗号,但也有用冒号的.现归纳如下:
①对父母,兄弟,姐妹等;
a. Dear Father,
b. My dear Mother,
c. Dear Sister,
d. Dear Tom,
② 对亲戚:
a. My dear Auntie.
b. Dear Cousin,
c. My dear Cousin,
③ 对朋友,同学
a. My dear friend,
b. Dear Mr. Jackson,
c. My dear Mr. Jackson,
④ 对未婚女子:
a. Dear Miss Luce,
b. My dear Miss Luce,
⑤ 对一般妇女,不论是否结婚:
a. Ms.
b. Dear Madame,
⑥ 对已婚生子:
a. Dear Mrs. Helen Jackson,
b. My dear Mrs. Helen Jackson,
⑦ 对公司,工厂,学校等:
a. Dear Sirs,
b. Sirs,
c. Gentlemen,

(5) 信文(Body of the letter)
信文是信件的主体部分,也就是信的内容.正文应在称呼下两行开始.信的开头第一个字母通常和称呼开头第一个词平齐.也有往后退四个或八字个字的.下面介绍一些开头语和结尾语.
开头语
① 相当于中文的"敬启者".
a. I beg to inform you that …
b. I beg to take this opportunity to inform you that …
c. I have the honor to address you that …
d. I write in a hurry to inform you that …
e. I have the pleasure to tell you that …
f. I’m very much delighted to inform you that …
② 相当于中文的"接读某月某日来信,一切知悉".
a. I thank you very much for your letter of May 20th …
b. Your letter of May 20th has been received with thanks.
c. It gives me great pleasure to receive your kind letter of May 20th.
d. In answer to your kind letter of May 20th, deeply regret that …
e. I have received your kind letter of May 20th.
f. Words can’t express my delight on finding your favor of yesterday on my desk this
morning.
g. Your letter dated May 20th has been received
结尾语
采用三种方法:
① 采用分词短语:句末用逗号,不用句号.例如:
a. Waiting for your good news,
b. Looking forward to your early reply,
c. Hoping to hear from you soon,
d. Hoping you are enjoying good health,
e. Regretting that I can’t give you a more favorite reply,
f. Regretting the trouble I’m causing you,
g. Wishing you every success,
h. Wishing you a pleasant journey,
i. Wishing you a happy New Year,
②采用介词短语,句末用逗号,不用句号.例如:
a. With best regards,
b. With kind regards to your family,
c. With best wishes to you and yours,
d. With best wishes for your success and happiness,
e. With best wishes for your success in your new field of work,
f. With best regards and wishing you all success,
g. With warmest regards,
h, With best regards to you and your family,
i. With the season’s greetings,
③ 采用完整句子:句末用句号.例如:
a. We are waiting for your good news.
b. I hope to receive your early reply.
c. We look forward to your reply at your earliest convenience.
d. I thank you very much for your services, and wish your continued success.
(6)结束语(Complimentary Close)
①结束语的一般写法如下:
Yours faithfully,
Yours truly,
Truly yours,
Sincerely yours,
②公函常用:
Faithfully yours,
Yours respectfully,
Respectfully yours,
Yours sincerely,
③私人书信常用:
Sincerely yours,
Yours very sincerely,
Yours affectionately,
Yours ever,
④给亲戚朋友的信常用:
Love,
All my love,
Your(ever) loving son/daughter/cousin, etc.
Your affectionate nephew,
Yours lovingly,
Lovingly yours,
(7)署名(Signature)
下面是署名的例子:
①个人署名:
Yours truly,
W. J. Watson
②公司署名:
Yours faithfully,
Legend Computer Company
Wang Lin
Sales Manager

  
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