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语法填空考查-ing分词的五个命题切入点


来源:天学网 发布时间:2017-04-14 08:12:00 查看次数:

内容提要:语法填空考查-ing分词的五个命题切入点

一、考查介词后的动词用-ing分词

根据英语语法,介词后接动词作宾语时,用作宾语的动词原则上要用动名词。

【典例】

One morningI was waiting at the bus stop, worried about____be late for school.2014年新课标II卷)

【分析】由于是用于介词about后作宾语.故用动名词形式being

【练习】

阅读下面句子,用括号内单词的正确形式填空。

1. She rested for two weeks after____ be in the hospital.

2. I'm against____ do anything till the police arrive.

3. The only way to tell if you like something is by____ try it

4. The skill of ____ speak a foreign language takes time to acquire.

5. He stood in the door for several minutes before____ decide whether he’d stay.

【答案】

1 being 2 doing 3 trying 4 speaking 5 deciding

二、考查习惯上后接-ing分词做宾语的动词

有些动词后接另一动词作宾语时.作宾语的动词习惯上要用动名词,不能用不定式,比较典型的有admit, advise, allow, appreciate, avoid, consider, delay, dislike, enjoy, escape, finish ,forbid, give up, imagine, keep, mind, miss, permit, practice , suggest等。

【典例】

Still, the boy kept ____ ride. He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting.2014年新课标II卷)

【分析】

动词keep后接动词作宾语时.作宾语的动词习惯上要用动名词,所以填riding

【练习】

【阅读下面句子,用括号内单词的正确形式填空。

1. The teacher keeps ____ tell his students that the future belongs to the well-educated.

2 They shouldn’t allow____ park here; the street is too narrow.

3 Her illness just an excuse to avoid ____ see him.

4 It is one thing to enjoy ____ listen to good music, but it is quite another to play it well yourself.

5 I hate to ask you this, but would you mind____give me a lift home?

【答案】

1 telling 2 parking 3 seeing 4listening 5 giving

三、考查具有形容词性质的-ed分词和-ing分词的区别

有些动词的-ed分词和-ing分词具有形容词的性质,但由于它们用法区别很大.且同学们在使用时常常用混.所它也是语法填空的考查点之一。

【典例】

While there are____amaze stories of instant transformation, for most of us the changes are gradual and require a lot of effort and work, like cleaning up a polluted river. Just be patient2014年新课标卷)

【分析】

由于是用以说明stories的性质或特征.故要用-ing分词,即填amazing

【练习】

1. This is a very____ interestbook. I’ll buy it, however much it may cost.

2. I don't think this film is by far the most____ bore. I have seen worse.

3. I don't really like the author, but I have to admit his books are very____ excite.

4. The____ shock news made me realize what terrible problems we would face.

5. With on one to turn to in such a____ frighten situation, she felt very helpless.

【答案】

1 interesting 2 boring 3 exciting 4shocking 5 frightening

四、考查-ing分词派生词的用法

由动词派出来的-ing分词有时可以名词化,变成名词——这也是高考英语语法填空的考点之一。

【典例】

One of my father's favorite____sayas I was growing up was “Try it”2014年大纲样卷)

【分析】

由于所填之词前面有所有格和形容词的修饰.说明此词具有名词性质.所以考虑填saying; 再根据句首的one of可知.此处的saying应用复数形式sayings

【练习】

阅读下面句子,用括号内单词的正确形式填空。

1. We'll reach the sales targets in a month which we set at the____ begin of the year.

2. If you want to find the____ mean of the word, look it up in a dictionary.

3. Jenny nearly missed the flight as result of doing too much____ shop.

4. When you finish reading this book, you will have a better____ undertand of life.

5. A number of high____ build have arisen where there was nothing a year ago but ruins.

【答案】

1 beginning 2 meaning 3shopping 4 undertanding 5 buildings

五、考查-ing分词派生词副词的用法

具有形容词性质的-ing分词,原则上不能修饰形容词、副词或动词,遇此情况应考虑将具有形容词性质的-ing分词变成副词·即在其后加上副词后缀-ly

【典例】

When we were wondering what to dothe manager came out. She was ____ surprise helpful.2014年广东卷)

【分析】

helpful为形容词,故其前应由副词来修饰.所以做本题.先要将surprise变成具有形容词性质的-ing分析.然后再在其后添加副词后缀-ly,所以答案为surprisingly

【练习】

阅读下面句子,用括号内单词的正确形式填空。

1. With online shopping ____ increase popular, the Internet is seen as an efficient way of reaching target customers.

2. One of his charms was his ability to talk____ amuse on any topic.

3. The World Wide Web is sometimes____ joke called the World Wide Wait because it can be very slow.

4 John's aunt died suddenly and left him a____ surprise large sum.

5 The report argues ____ convince that economic help should be given to these countries.

【答案】

1. increasingly 2.amusingly 3.jokingly 4.surprisingly 5.convincingly

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