2009全国各地高考英语经典句型必备④
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发布时间:2009年03月18日
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    31、形式宾语与宾语补语句型:

    (1) 形式宾语代动词不定式

    例:I think it necessary to explore the space. 我认为探索太空是有必要的。

    (2) 形式宾语代从句

    例:They found it strange that no one would take the money.

    他们感到很奇怪谁也不要这一笔钱。

    (3) 过去分词做宾语补语表示宾语被动的动作:

    例:I had my pen stolen. 我的笔被偷了。

    (4) 现在分词做宾语补语表示宾语正在进行的动作。

    例:They found her lying in bed reading a novel.

    他们发现她躺在床上看小说。

    (5) 以名词(间或可用代词)作宾语补足语:

    例:In 1849, he went to England and made London the base for his revolutionary work.

    1849年他到了英国,并且把伦敦作为他的革命工作的基地。

    I think him an honest man.我认为他是一个诚实的人。

    (6) 介词短语做宾语补语:如:

    例:I can't find him in the office.我在办公室外没有发现他。

    (7) What do you find the hardest in... 你觉得……最大的困难是什么

    例句:What do you find the hardest in learning English

    你觉得学英语最大的困难是什么

    32、特殊的条件句:

    (1) Suppose/ Supposing ---, 假如……

    例:Suppose/Supposing he is absent, what shall we do?

    假如他缺席,我们怎么办?

    (2) On condition that只要……;如果……

    例:I'll come on condition that John is invited, too.

    如果约翰也被邀请,我就来。

    (3) provided (that)/ providing ----- 只要……

    I will come provided (that) I am well enough. 只要我身体好,我一定来。

    You may go out  providing you do your homework first.

    只要你先做作业,你便可以外出。

    (4) so/as long as

    例:As/So long as you work hard, you'll succeed in the end.

    只要你好好干,终究会成功的。

    (5) 祈使句+and + 陈述句(表肯定)

    例:Give him an inch and he’ll take a mile.

    (= If you give him an inch, he’ll take a mile. ) 他会得寸进尺的。

    (6) 祈使句+ or/otherwise +陈述句 (表否定)

    例:Start at once, or / otherwise you’ll miss the train.

    (= If you don’t start at once, …)

    (= Unless you start at once, you’ll miss the train.)

    立即动身,否则你会错过那班火车的。

    (7) …won't...unless... 除非……否则我不会…….

    例句:I won't write to him unless he writes to me first.

    我不会写信给他的,除非他先写给我.

    33、特殊的比较句型:

    (1) A differs from B in that…(A不同于B在于……)

    例:She differs from her sister in the colour of her eyes.

    她眼睛的颜色跟她姐姐不同。

    (2) ...varies from person to person(……是因人而异的)

    例:The opinion of the problem varies from person to person.

    对这个问题的看法是因人而异的。

    (3) A is superior(inferior) to B.   A 优越于B

    例:The modal is technically superior to its competitors.

    这一款式在技术上优越于与之竞争的产品。

    Some consider digital TV to be superior to satellite TV.

    (4) be different from

    例:Its meaning can be completely different from the meaning of its components.

    它的意思有时候跟它的合成的意思完全不一样。

    (5) be inferior to

    例:Modern music is often considered inferior to that of the past.

    现代音乐常被人认为不如过去的。

    (6) A and B have sth in common. A 和B 有共同点。

    例:The Japanese and Chinese cultures have a lot in common.

    日本与中国的文化具有许多相同点。

    34、必须背诵的There be 句型:

    (1) There is no immediate solution to the problem .

    对于这个问题没有立即的解决的方案。

    (2) There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...)

    例:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad

    to worse.  不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

    (3) There is no doubt that... 毫无疑问,…….

    例句:There is no doubt that health is better than wealth.

    毫无疑问,健康胜于财富.

    (4) There's no point in... ……是无意义的.

    例句:There's no point in getting angry when things have happened.

    对已发生的事生气是没有意义的.

    (5) There's no way... ……绝不可能.

    例句:There's no way one could succeed without hard work.

    一个人不努力绝不可能成功.

    (6) There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...)

    例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.

    没有人不渴望上大学。

    (7)There is no need/use/harm/hurry in doing sth

    例:There is no need in spending money mending the broken car.

    没有必要花钱去修理那破车了。

    There is no use in regretting when time passed by.

    时间过去了再后悔就没有用了。

    There is no harm in using the environmentally friendly products.

    用环保产品是没有害处的。

    There is no hurry in running to school for time is still enough.

    没有必要匆匆忙忙上学校,因为时间还充足呢。

    (8) There no/some difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth

    例:There is no trouble in selling our car.

    我们毫不费力地卖了我们的车。

    35、time 句型:

    (1) the first time 引导的状语从句

    例:I thought her nice and honest the first time I met her.

    第一次我见到她时,觉得她很诚实。

    (2) (the) next time  引导的状语从句

    例:The harvest will have been got in  (the) next time you come.

    你下次来时,庄稼已收好了。

    (3) the last time 引导的状语从句

    例:What was the name of the hotel he had stayed in  the last time he was in Cairo?

    他上次来开罗时往的那家旅馆叫什么来着?

    (4) each time/every time  引导的状语从句

    例:Every time you get back at night, you drop your shoes on the floor.

    每次夜间回来,你总是把你的靴子朝地上一扔。

    (5) It is /was the first/last/second /third time +从句(完成时态)

    例:This is the first time I have been here  这是我第一次到这儿。

    (6)It is high time that sb did (should do) sth      该……的时候了。

    例句:It is high time that we went to the classroom.

    该我们进教室的时候了。

    (7) by the time + 从句      就在……时候;到……时候为止

    例:We'll be ready  by the time you get back.

    你回来的时候,我们将准备好了。

    (8) It's time for sb to do sth

    例:It’s time for me to log off. 我该关机/下线了。

    (9) It's time for sth

    例:It's time for lunch.  午餐的时间到了。

    36、几种重要的表语从句句型:

    (1) The point is that ... 重点/关键是…….

    例句:The point is that you have to keep your promise to help her with her English.

    关键是你得遵守诺言,帮她学习英语.

    (2) The chance  is that … 有可能……

    例:The chance is that he will succeed. 他很有可能成功。

    (3) The fact is that … 事实是……

    例:The fact is that he hasn’t yet recover from illness.

    事实是他还没有康复呢。

    (4) The problem/question is that … 问题是……

    例:The question is whether we should ask them for help.

    问题是我们是否应该向他请求帮助。

    (5)That is ---

    例:That is where Lu Xun used to live. 这是鲁迅过去住过的地方。

    37、几种重要的倒装句型:

    (1) only 倒装句

    例:Only with hard work can you expect to get a pay rise.

    只有靠努力的工作你才能指望提高工资。

    Only when he told me about the news did I know the truth.

    仅仅当他告诉了我这消息我才知道真相。

    (2) so 倒装句

    例:So precious is time that we can’t afford to waste it.

    时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。

    (3) such 倒装句

    例:Such was the story he told. 这就是他讲的故事。

    Such a well-known man is he that everyone wants to take a photo with him.

    他是如此出名的人以致于人人都想和他拍照片。

    (4)含有否定意义的词组提前

    例:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.

    我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。

    (5)介词短语提前

    例:Outside the classroom stood an old man. 在教室的外面站着一位老人。

    (6) 分词提前

    例:Seated on the ground are a group of young men playing cards.

    坐在地面上的是一群年轻人在打牌。

    Lying on the floor was a boy aged about seventeen.

    躺在地板上的是一个17岁的男孩。

    (7) not only --- but also 倒装句

    例:Not only was the city polluted but the streets were crowded.

    不仅那城市被污染了,街道也很拥挤。

    Not only has aspirin saved many people’s lives by reducing fever and helping stop pain, but there are also other things that aspirin can help with.

    通过消热止痛,阿斯片林不仅拯救了许多人的生命,而且还帮助了许多其它的事情。

    38、so/such that句型

    (1) so that (引导结果状语从句)结果……

    例:We were late so that the teacher was angry.

    我们迟到,使得教师生气了。

    (2) so that = in order that (目的状语从句)以便,为了

    例:I hurried so that I wouldn't be late for class.

    为了上课不迟到,我匆忙起来。

    In order that he should not be late, his mother woke him at 6.

    为了使他不致迟到,他母亲在6点钟叫醒了他。

    (3) so +形容词+(或a/an+ 名词)+that     如此……以致于……

    例:I've been working so hard recently that I haven't had any time for collecting new stamps.    我近来一直很忙,没时间搜集新邮票。

    (4) such +名词(或an/a+形容词 + 名词)+--- that

    例:It is such an unusual work of art that everyone wants to have a look at it

    这是一个异乎寻常的艺术作品,人人都想看一看。

    39、表示“也、同样”的句型

    (1) too 用于肯定

    例:I like the book, too.   我也喜欢这本书。

    (2) also 用于陈述句

    例:She also speaks a little Italian.   她也会说一点意大利语。

    (3) either 用于否定句

    例:Peter can't go and I can't either.       Peter 不能去,我也不能。

    (4) so 用于肯定的倒装句

    例:You speak English well, so does he.

    你的英语讲得很好,他讲得也不错。.

    (5) neither/nor 用于否定的倒装句

    例:I have never heard of such a thing, Neither has she.

    我从来没有听说这件事,她也没有。

    Tom didn’t finish his homework. Nor did Jane.

    汤姆没有完成作业,Jane 也没有。

    (6) as well 用于句末

    例:He knows German as well. 他也懂德语。

    (7) so it is/was  with = so it is/was the same with 用于包含不同种类的动词

    例:Jack is a student and studies in China. So it is with Green.

    Jack是一个学生,在中国学习, Green也是如此。

    (8) The same is true of……,

    例:The music is dull and uninspiring, and the same is true of the acting.

    那音乐单调,缺少激情;那表演也是如此。

    (9) The same can be said of…… (……也是如此).

    例:The same can be said of our country, also a developing one.

    我们的国家也是如此,一个发展中国家。

    40、几种重要的同位语从句:

    (1) 由where 引导

    例:The suggestion where we should build our new factory should be considered.

    那个我们应该在哪儿建造厂房的建议应该给予考虑。

    (2) 由what引导

    例:I have no idea what he did. 我不知道他做了什么。

    (3) 由whether 引导

    例:The question whether he’ll attend the meeting is not decided.

    他是否会参加会议这个问题还没决定。

    (4) 由who引导。

    例:The question who will go abroad needs considering.

    谁将去国外这个问题需要考虑。

    (5) 由when 引导

    例:I have no idea when they will be back and settle down.

    我不知道他们什么时候回来定居。

    (6) 由that 引导

    例:The suggestion that the students should have plenty of exercise is very

    good. 学生应该有很多练习,这个建议不错。

    (7) 由how 引导

    例:He can’t answer the question how he got the money.

    他是怎样得到那钱的,他不能回答这个问题。

    (8) 由why 引导

    例: We don’t understand the problem why this is the best choice.

    我搞不懂这个问题,为什么这是最好的选择。

  
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