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2016届广州市高考模拟考试(广州零模)试题


来源:网络转载 发布时间:2016-01-28 00:03:00 查看次数:

内容提要:2016届广州市高考模拟考试(广州零模)试题

试卷类型:A

2016届广州市高考模拟考试

 语

201601

本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第Ⅰ卷

注意事项:

1.答第I卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2.选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。

第一部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Make a differencewith your photography

Take the chance tomake a real difference with your photography and contribute toOne Minute on Earth, a project aiming to help streetchildren around the world.

We all live on theplanet Earth, in different time zones and different parts of theworld. When you read this, it will be night in one part of theworld and morning somewhere else. A sunset and a sunrise is alwaysthere at any minute on earth.

In 2015 on the6th of April at 13:00 (New York time), 200 photographersall around the world clicked on the button of their cameras allwithin the same minute on earth. From all theseamazing landscape photos and stories, a photobook was made whichwas sold to raise money for charity.

100% of this profitwas donated to the Ashalayam Deutschland organisation which usedthis money to support a street children center in Kolkata India.You can still buy this book from our website,which will help us continue to support the kids.

We plan to hold thisevent annually, with the next one scheduled on June 21st2016 at 21:00 (New York time). Money raised from the sale of thenew photobook will go to a home in South Africa where 75 parentlesschildren live. This year’s event willinclude not only landscapephotos butalso street photos. The main ruleis that the sky must be shown in the photo, so all can see at whattime it was shot when this year’s One Minute on Earth got toyou.

1. What is the maingoal of One Minute on Earth?

A. To raise money forchildren. B. To publish a photobook.

C. To find the bestpicture. D. To take pictures of different places.

2. What do the 2015and 2016 events have in common?

A. They take place onthe same date.

B. They each producea photobook.

C. They require thesame type of picture.

D. The money raisedgoes to the same children.

3. What is the mainrule of the 2016 event?

A. All photos must belandscapes.

B. The photos must betaken in Africa.

C. The sky mustappear in every photo.

D. Each photographercan submit only one photo.

B

For many people,leisure time is an opportunity to get outdoors, have some fun andmeet interesting people. Add two pieces of advanced 21stcentury technology — global positioning system (GPS) devices andthe Internet — to get “geocaching”.

The word geocachingcomes from “geo” (earth) and “cache” (hidden storage). Geocacherslog onto a website to find information about the location of acache — usually a waterproof plastic box containing small itemssuch as toys and CDs — along with a notebook where “finders” canenter comments and learn about the cache “owner”, the person whocreated and hid the cache. Finders may take any of the items in thecache but are expected to replace them with something of similarvalue. They then visit the website again and write a message to theowner.

Geocaching becamepossible on May 1, 2000, when a satellite system developed by theU.S. Department of Defense was made public. Using an inexpensiveGPS device, anyone on earth can send a signal to the satellites andreceive information about their position. This is basically ahigh-tech version of orienteering, the traditional pastime whichuses maps and compasses instead of GPS to determine one’slocation.

Geocachers are a veryconsiderate group. Owners carefully choose a cache’s location togive finders an enjoyable experience, such as a beautiful view or agood campsite. They also consider the environmental impact of theircache since it could result in an increased number of visitors toan area. As for the content of the caches, owners and finders mustonly use items that are suitable for the whole family, as cachesare found by geocachers of all ages.

4. According to thepassage, geocaching is __________.

A. an outdoor leisureactivity B. a new type of technology

C. a game used toteachgeography D. a program to protect environment

5. How can finderslearn about the cache owners?

A. By meetingthem. B. By going to a website.

C. From thenotebook. D. From the satellite.

6. Which of thefollowing is NOT used in geocaching?

A. A GPSdevice. B. A compass.

C. A plasticcontainer. D. The Internet.

7. Which of thefollowing is true according to the passage?

A.Most geocachers are adults.

B. Any item can be placed in the caches.

C. The caches shouldbe put in a remote place.

D. Geocachers try to avoid damaging the environment.

C

As a child, visitingthe zoo was more a punishment than a treat. I didn’t find thechimps’ tea parties funny, nor the bird shows entertaining. Feedingtime for seals was less painful, but their performances stillseemed like they belonged more in a circus.

And I hatedcircuses, especially the animal acts — men teasing lions, girlsbalancing on elephants and monkeys playing football. I knew thatevery trick a circus animal did was unnatural, achieved throughstrict training and quite possibly cruelty.

Happily, during mylifetime public attitudes and the law have changed. Circuses usingwild animals are now almost extinct, and zoos have definitelyevolved.

When my children wereyoung, I occasionally took them to our local zoo. The elephantswere in tiny cages and the gorillas looked bored as they satpeeling bananas and staring at teasing visitors. Each cage had asign which listed the animal’s name and where it came from. But,back then, there was little information included about theenvironmental challenges they faced. 

As a result,environmentalists and animal lovers often oppose zoos. “Animalsbelong in the wild,” is a common — and understandable — complaint.But what do the animals themselves prefer?

Generally speaking,zoo animals have a longer life. But — you may protest — they arenot free. What? Free to be hunted and killed, free to die of hungeror thirst? Maybe sitting in a cage eating bananas isn’t sobad.

Not that suchconditions are acceptable in modern zoos, due to the work of BIAZA,the British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums. These daysevery zoo requires BIAZA’s approval to operate, and the associationsets the standards, observes conditions in zoos and developsanimal-research programmes, both in the UK and abroad. BIAZA alsoorganises the animal exchanges between zoos all over theworld. 

Consequently, today,most zoo animals are born and raised in zoos, live in large,comfortable enclosures and are cared for by well-trained,knowledgeable and caring zoo employees. Of course it’s nosubstitute for living in the wild but unfortunately this isn’talways possible. Meanwhile, why not visit your local zoo and decidefor yourself?

8. The passage ismainly about __________.

A. how zoos haveimproved

B. whether a zooshould be closed down

C. a newenvironmental organisation

D. the differencebetween zoos and circuses

9. From Paragraph 2,we can guess that the writer believes circus animals__________.

A. had much shorterlives than those in the wild

B. were not treatedwell by their trainers

C. should have beenplaced in zoos

D. were not asintelligent as those in zoos

10. Which of thefollowing roles are performed by BIAZA?

A. Organising animalstudy projects and training zoo workers.

B. Checking zooconditions and arranging animal exchanges.

C. Designing zoos andapproving zoo operations.

D. Caring for illanimals and setting zoo standards.

11. Which of thefollowing statements about zoos would the writer agreewith?

A. Zoo animals shouldbe freed into the wild.

B. Zoos are morepopular now than in the past.

C. Zoo animals aremore restricted than in the past.

D. Zoos now providecaring living conditions for animals.

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