点击这里查看首页

不用被动语态的情况


来源:高中英语教学交流
发布时间:2012-02-20 21:17:00
查看次数:

内容提要:不用被动语态的情况 

  1) 不及物动词或动词短语无被动语态:

  appear, die disappear, end (vi. 结束), fail, happen, last, lie, remain, sit, spread, stand,break out, come true, fall asleep, keep silence, lose heart, take place.

  例如: After the fire, very little remained of my house.

  比较: rise, fall, happen是不及物动词;raise, seat是及物动词。

  (错) The price has been risen.

  (对) The price has risen.

  (错) The accident was happened last week.

  (对) The accident happened last week.

  (错) The price has raised.

  (对) The price has been raised.

  (错) Please seat.

  (对) Please be seated.

  要想正确地使用被动语态,就须注意哪些动词是及物的,哪些是不及物的。特别是一词多义的动词往往有两种用法。解决这一问题唯有在学习过程中多留意积累。

  2) 不能用于被动语态的及物动词或动词短语:

  fit, have, hold, marry, own, wish, cost, notice, watch agree with, arrive at / in, shake hands with, succeed in, suffer from, happen to, take part in, walk into, belong to

  例如: This key just fits the lock.

  例如: Your story agrees with what had already been heard.

  3) 系动词无被动语态:

  appear, be become, fall, feel, get, grow, keep, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn

  例如: It sounds good.

  4) 带同源宾语的及物动词,反身代词,相互代词,不能用于被动语态:

  die, death, dream, live, life

  例如: She dreamed a bad dream last night.

  5) 当宾语是不定式时,很少用于被动语态。

  (对) She likes to swim.

  (错) To swim is liked by her.
 


相关文章
· 英语定语从句用法大全11-05
· rather than 用法小结03-30
· 动词的时态和语态通关练习01-25
· 高中英语学习中的理科思维12-04
· 假期学英语系列2:定语从句02-02
· as 的用法汇总09-05
· in the tree和on the tree之误用12-08
· combine,unite,connect,join有何区别?05-12
· 分词的学习与高考解题技巧10-10
· 58个可以接sb. to do sth.的动词和短语动词11-28
最新文章
· [语法指津] 高中英语从句大梳理,再长也得看完!09-13
· [语法指津] 高中英语句子成分知识09-10
· 记住100句典型语法改错例句,彻底弄清18个语法概念09-07
· [语法] 高考英语被动语态详解及巩固练习08-04
· ​高考英语真题加各版本教材长难句汇总(下)07-30
· 高考真题加各版本教材长难句汇总(上)07-24
· 从写作的角度考虑语法 06-18
· [高分技巧]高考英语语法填空 动词 解题技巧05-23
· 2021年高考命题趋势与热点分析05-18
· 高中学霸英语笔记(114个易混词+词类与句子成分+名词05-18
阅读排行