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58个可以接sb. to do sth.的动词和短语动词


来源:百试乐微信公众号 发布时间:2017-11-28 09:54:00 查看次数:

内容提要:为方便排版,对版面作了修改。

转载页面:http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/DnbWiT-12FHpeaF_QtFlIA
58个可以接sb. to do sth.的动词和短语动词

广东省开平市第一中学 杨华新

1  常见搭配:advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做某事   助记语块:advise him to have a try建议他尝试一下

2  常见搭配:persuade sb. to do sth.说服某人做某事   助记语块:persuade my uncle to quit smoking 说服我舅舅戒烟

3  常见搭配:convince sb. to do sth.说服某人做某事   助记语块:convince them to join us 劝服他们加入我们

4  常见搭配:remind sb. to do sth.提醒某人做某事   助记语块:remind me to attend the lecture 提醒我参加讲座

5  常见搭配:encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事   助记语块:encourage me to go all out 鼓励我全力以赴

6  常见搭配:inspire sb. to do sth.激励某人做某事   助记语块:inspire us to go ahead 激励我们继续前行

7  常见搭配:forbid sb. to do sth.禁止某人做某事   助记语块:forbid anyone to smoke here 禁止任何人在此吸烟

8  常见搭配:allow sb. to do  sth.允许某人做某事   助记语块:allow me to introduce myself 允许我自我介绍

9  常见搭配:permit sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事   助记语块:permit her to stay for a while允许她逗留一会

10  常见搭配:accept sb. to do sth.接受某人做某事   助记语块:She was accepted to study music.她获准学音乐。

11  常见搭配:invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事   助记语块:invite her to join us in the discussion邀请她加入我们的讨论

12  常见搭配:ask sb. to do sth.请/叫某人做某事   助记语块:ask him to give us some advice叫他给我们一些建议

13  常见搭配:tell sb. to do sth.吩咐某人做某事   助记语块:tell the children to attend school on time 叮嘱孩子按时上学

14  常见搭配:want sb. to do sth.想要某人做某事   助记语块:want you to attend the lecture 想你来参加讲座

15  常见搭配:wish sb. to do sth.希望某人做某事   助记语块:wish the patient to recover soon希望病人很快康复

16  常见搭配:expect sb. to do sth.期望某人做某事   助记语块:expect you to make greater progress 期待你取得更大进步

17  常见搭配:desire sb. to do sth.希望某人做某事   助记语块:desire him to go to a key university 希望他上重点大学

18  常见搭配:beg sb. to do sth.乞求某人做某事   助记语块:beg her to help us out 恳求她帮我们度过难关

19  常见搭配:urge sb. to do sth.敦促某人做某事   助记语块:urge him to make a study plan 催促他制定一个学习计划

20  常见搭配:cause sb. to do sth.导致某人做某事   助记语块:cause the fire to break out 导致火灾发生

21  常见搭配:enable sb. to do sth.使/令某人能做某事   助记语块:enable me to keep energetic 使我保持精力充沛

22  常见搭配:get sb. to do sth.使(要)某人做某事   助记语块:get her to lend us a hand 让她帮我们

23  常见搭配:request sb. to do sth.请求某人做某事   助记语块:request passengers to keep quiet 要求乘客保持安静

24  常见搭配:require sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事   助记语块:require people to wait in line 要求人们排队等候

25  常见搭配:force sb. to do sth.强迫某人做某事   助记语块:force him to drop out of school 迫使他辍学

26  常见搭配:drive sb. to do sth.驱使某人做某事   助记语块:drive me to work harder 驱使我更加努力学习

27  常见搭配:command sb. to do sth.命令某人做某事   助记语块:command him to leave in no time 命令他马上离开

28  常见搭配:order sb. to do sth.命令某人做某事   助记语块:order him toleave here at once命令他马上离开这里

29  常见搭配:warn sb. to do sth.警告某人做某事   助记语块:warn me to stay away from smoking 告诫我远离吸烟

30  常见搭配:intend sb. to do sth.打算要某人做某事   助记语块:intend him to start at once 打算让他马上开始/出发

31  常见搭配:mean sb. to do sth.打算要某人做某事   助记语块:mean him to deal with the problem打算让他处理那个问题

32  常见搭配:prepare sb. to do sth.使某人准备做某事   助记语块:prepare Tom to go to university 使汤姆为上大学做准备

33  常见搭配:choose sb. to do sth.选择某人做某事   助记语块:choose her to go abroad 选她出国

34  常见搭配:elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事   助记语块:elect Tom to act as our leader 选汤姆当我们的领导

35  常见搭配:appoint sb. to do sth.任命某人做某事   助记语块:appoint her to be chairman 任命她当主席

36  常见搭配:believe sb. to be 相信/认为某人是…   助记语块:believe them to be innocent 认为他们是清白的

37  常见搭配:consider sb. to be认为某人是…   助记语块:consider him to be a thief 认为他是小偷

38  常见搭配:hate sb. to do sth.讨厌某人做某事   助记语块:hate her to speak ill of me behind my back 讨厌她在我背后说我的坏话

39  常见搭配:like sb. to do sth.喜欢某人做某事   助记语块:like him to live with us 喜欢他和我们一起住

40  常见搭配:prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事   助记语块:prefer me to live at school 宁愿我住在学校

41  常见搭配:help sb. (to) do sth.帮助某人做某事   助记语块:help Jack (to) achieve his goal 帮助杰克达成目标

42  常见搭配:teach sb. to do sth. 教某人做某事   助记语块:teach us to operate the machine 教我们操作机器

43  常见搭配:train sb. to do sth.训练某人做某事   助记语块:train them to play football 训练他们踢足球

44  常见搭配:bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事   助记语块:can’t bear him to lie to me 不能忍受他对我撒谎

45  常见搭配:judge sb. to be / have done 判断某人…   助记语块:judge him to have been abroad before 判定他曾经出过国

46  常见搭配:leave sb. to do sth.留下某人做某事   助记语块:leave them to think on their own 留下他们独立思考

47  常见搭配:need sb. to do sth.需要某人做某事   助记语块:need them to co-operate with me 需要他们和我合作

48  常见搭配:pay sb. to do sth. 付钱给某人做某事   助记语块:pay him to teach me to play the piano 付钱给他教我弹钢琴

49  常见搭配:trouble sb. to do sth.麻烦某人做某事   助记语块:trouble you to shut the door 劳烦您关一下门

50  常见搭配:promise sb. to do sth.承诺某人做某事   助记语块:promise him to buy him a toy 承诺为他买一个玩具

51  常见搭配:prove sb. to be   证明某人…   助记语块:prove him to be guilty证明他有罪

52  常见搭配:show sb. to be  表明某人…   助记语块:show him to be responsible 表明他尽职尽责

53  常见搭配:depend on sb. to do sth.依靠某人做某事   助记语块:depend on her parents to help her 依赖她的父母来帮她

54  常见搭配:appeal to sb. to do sth. 呼吁某人做某事   助记语块:appeal to everyone to protect the environment呼吁人人保护环境

55  常见搭配:call on sb. to do sth. 号召某人做某事   助记语块:call on us to save energy 号召我们来节能

56  常见搭配:rely on sb. to do sth. 依赖某人做某事   助记语块:rely on him to make the decision 依靠他作决定

57  常见搭配:wait for sb. to do sth. 等候某人做某事   助记语块:wait for the train to turn up 等候火车的到来

58  常见搭配:would like sb. to do sth.想某人做某事   助记语块:would like you to take me around your hometown想你带我游览一下你的家乡
特别提醒:

有的动词是不能用不定式作宾补的,但又易受汉语影响而误用。如:

汉语可说“希望某人做某事”,但英语不说 hope sb. to do sth.

汉语可说“建议某人做某事”,但英语不说 suggest sb. to do sth.

汉语可说“要求某人做某事”,但英语不说 demand sb. to do sth.

汉语可说“通知某人做某事”,但英语不说 inform sb. to do sth.

汉语可说“赞成某人做某事”,但英语不说 approve sb. to do sth.

汉语可说“害怕某人做某事”,但英语不说 fear sb. to do sth.

汉语可说“原谅某人做某事”,但英语不说 excuse /forgive sb. to do sth.

汉语可说“拒绝某人做某事”,但英语不说 refuse sb. to do sth.

汉语可说“欢迎某人做某事”,但英语不说 welcome sb. to do sth.

汉语可说“安排某人做某事”,但英语不说 arrange sb. to do sth.

汉语可说“祝贺某人做某事”,但英语不说 congratulate sb. to do sth.

汉语可说“阻止某人做某事”,但英语不说 prevent sb. to do sth.

(详见《名师指津/爱疯英语·高考英语命题揭秘与专题练析》)

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