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不可忽视的名词及其复数形式


来源:英语辅导报 发布时间:2010-04-29 10:55:00 查看次数:

内容提要:英语中有些名词既可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词,当它们以抽象名词或以其复数形式出现时,其意义往往大不相同。因此,在教与学的过程中教师不可忽视,学生更不可大意。

 英语中有些名词既可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词,当它们以抽象名词或以其复数形式出现时,其意义往往大不相同。因此,在教与学的过程中教师不可忽视,学生更不可大意。

  1.evidence / evidences

  evidence作"证据" 解时,是抽象名词;作"迹象"解时,既是可数名词又是不可数名词。

  Is there any evidence for his guilt?

  There are evidences that somebody has been living here.

  2.relation / relations

  relation作抽象名词解时,指"联系,关联";作可数名词解时,指"亲戚,亲属"。

  The cost of this experiment has no relation to the results.

  All of his relations came to spend their holidays at his home.

  3.property / properties

  property作集体名词解时,为"(财产的)总称";作可数名词解时(通常用其复数形式),为"性能,特性;(舞台上或电影中)表演用的可移动物件"。

  The police found some stolen property hidden in the chief's house.

  Many plants have medical properties.

  4.doubt / doubts

  doubt作抽象名词表示"怀疑";作可数名词表示"怀疑的念头,疑虑"。

  There is not much doubt about it.

  Sudden doubts came to his mind.

  5.term / terms

  term作可数名词解时,表示"术语;学期"等;其复数形式,表示"措辞;条件;关系"等。

  Most schools have a fall term and a spring term.

  I can't accept his terms.

  6.compliment / compliments

  compliment作"称赞;尊敬"时,通常为可数名词(多以单数形式出现);作"致意,祝贺"时,用其复数形式。

  He paid his boss a high compliment.

  Give my best compliments to your parents.

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