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2017年语法知识点归纳总结


来源:网络转载 发布时间:2018-01-26 09:26:00 查看次数:

内容提要:2017年高考英语语法填空与短文改错知识点归纳总结(含答案)

2017年高考英语语法填空与短文改错知识点归纳总结(含答案)
一、名词的数
语法填空
1. (2017 全国 I 卷 62) This trend, ... , has had some unintended side 62 (effect) such as overweight and heart disease—the very thing the medical community was trying to fight.
解析:effects表示“一些意料外的副作用”,故用复数。
2. (2017 全国 II 卷 61) It ran for just under seven kilometers and allowed people to avoid terrible 61 (crowd) on the roads...
解析:crowds避免拥挤的人群。
3. (2017 全国III卷 67) She has turned down several 67 (invitation) to star at shows in order to concentrate on her studies.
解析:invitations由前面的several可知,要用复数形式。
短文改错
1. (2017 全国 I 卷)The instructor kept repeating the word, “Speed up!” “Slow down!” “Turn left!”
解析:word-*words后面有并列的三句话,故word用复数words。
2. (2017 全国 II 卷)Besides, they often get some useful informations from the Internet.
解析:informations-information因information是不可数名词,没有复数形式。
二、代词
阅读理解
Some of the world’s most famous musicians recently gathered in Paris and New Orleans to celebrate the first annual International Jazz Day...
Despite the celebrations, though, in the U. S. the jazz audience continues to shrink and grow older, and the music has failed to connect with younger generations.
It’s Jason Moran’s job to help change that. As the Kennedy Center’s artistic adviser for jazz, Moran hopes to widen the audience for jazz, make the music more accessible, and preserve its history and culture.
29. What does the underlined word “that” in Paragraph 3 refer to?
A. Jazz becoming more accessible.
B. The production of jazz growing faster.
C. Jazz being less popular with the young.
D. The jazz audience becoming larger.
解析:指代前句中即前一段的最后一句中的the music has failed to connect 6with younger generations,比较各选项,只有C正确。
语法填空
(2017 全国 II 卷 67) However, the railway quickly proved to be a great success and within six months, more than 25,000 people were using 67 every day.
解析:it指代前句中的the railway。
短文改错
1. (2017 全国 II 卷)Mr. and Mrs. Zhang all work in our school.
解析:all-*both考查代词。因Mr. and Mrs. Zhang是两个人,而all是指 三者或三者以上的“都”,故改all为表示两者“都”的both。
2. (2017 全国 III 卷)This picture often brings back to me many happy memories of your high school days.
解析:you—my是“我的”照片,应是“我的”学生时代回忆美好的事。
(P171 第二组第二篇)1 can climb the hills. All this will be interesting and good for your health. Above all, I can learn more about nature.
解析(P55): your—my由语境可知,应是对“我的”身体有益。
三、冠词
语法填空
1. (2017 全国 I 卷 65) As 65 result, people will eat more food to try to make up for that something missing.
解析:a因as a result固定短语。
2. (2017 全国III卷 62) Instead, she is earning £6,500 a day as 62 model in New York.
解析:a表示职业的单数可数名词前通常加不定冠词。
3. (2017 全国 II 卷 64) This included digging up the road, laying the track and then building a strong roof over 64 top.
解析:the特指这条路的 短文改错
1. (2017 全国 1 卷)I still remember how hard A first day was.
解析:在first前加the或my在序数词前要用定冠词the,在本文语境里,也可用my,表示“我学习驾驶的第一天”。
2. (2017 全国 II 卷)They live far from the school, and it takes them about a hour and a half to go to work every day.
解析:a改成an /one 因half是以元音音素开头的,表示数量“一”,要用an 或 one。
3. (2017 全国III卷)Around me in A picture are the things that were very important in my life at that time
解析:在picture前加the或this特指上面提到的这张照片。
四、 介词
语法填空
1. (2017 全国 I 卷 61) This trend, which was started by the medical community (医学界) 61 a method of fighting heart disease, has had some unintended side effects such as overweight and heart disease...
解析:as表示“作为” 一种方法。
2. (2017 全国 II 卷 62) ... and allowed people to avoid terrible crowds on the roads above as they travelled to and 62 work.
解析:from因是固定搭配,表示“往返,来回”,to and from work意为 “上下班”。
3. (2017 全国III卷 68) After school she plans to take a year off to model full-time before going to university to get a degree 68 engineering or architecture.
解析:in表示“某方面的学位”用介词in。又如:take /get a degree in law 获得法律学位。
短文改错
1. (2017 全国 I 卷]0) It was a relief and I came to a sudden stop just in the middle on the road.
解析:on-*of考查介词。表示“在y…的中间”是in the middle of。
2. (2017 全国 II 卷 6) They have also bought for some gardening tools.
解析:for考查介词。因buy是及物动词,表示买某物,其后直接接宾语。
3. (2017 全国III卷 1) When I look at this picture of myself I realize of how fast time flies.
解析:删除realize后的of因realize是及物动词,后直接接宾语从句, 不再用介词of,故删除。
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