2009全国各地高考英语经典句型必备①
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发布时间:2009年03月18日
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    1、as 句型:

    (1) as引导方式状语从句句型:“按照……;正如……”

    例:We do farm work as the old peasant teaches us.

    As(it is)in your country, we grow wheat in the north and rice in the south.    正如(像) 你们国家一样,我们北方种植小麦,南方种植水稻。

    (2) as+形容词/副词原级+(a /an)+名词+as ;

    否定式:not as/so --- as

    例:He is as good a player as his sister.

    他和他姐姐一样是位优秀的运动员。

    (3) such + n. + as to do 如此……以致于……

    例:She is such a fool as to believe what he said.

    她是一个如此的一个笨蛋以致相信了他所说的话。

    (4) so + adj./adv. + as to do sth 如此……以致于……

    例:He was so strong as to carry the heavy box.

    他是如此的强壮以致于能提起那重箱子。

    (5) such --- as---  象……之类的…… (接名词或定语从句)

    例:He wished to be such a man as Lei Feng was.

    他希望成为一个像雷锋这样的人。

    (6) the same +名词+as 和……一样的…… (接名词或定语从句)

    例:He is not the same man as he used to be 他不是从前的那样子了。

    (7) as 引导非限制性定语从句

    例:As is known to us, knowledge is power.众所周知,知识就是力量。

    (8)引导时间状语从句。与while意义相近

    例:We get wiser as we get older. 随着我们长大,我们也变得越来越聪明。

    (9) 引导原因状语从句,与because的用法相近

    例:As it was getting very late, we soon turned back.

    因为越来越迟了,所以我们不久就回来了。

    (10) 引导让步状语从句

    例:Child as he is, he knows much about science.

    尽管他是一个小孩,但他对科学了解得很多。

    2、prefer 句型:

    (1) prefer to do sth

    例:I prefer to stay at home.   我宁愿呆在家里。

    (2) prefer doing sth

    例:I prefer playing in defence.   我喜欢打防守。

    (3) prefer sb to do sth

    例:Would you prefer me to stay?  你愿意我留下来吗?

    (4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth  ……宁愿…...而不愿.…".

    例句:I prefer to stay at home rather than go out

    我宁愿呆在家里而不愿出去.

    (5) prefer doing sth to doing sth

    例:I prefer watching football to playing it.

    我喜欢看篮球,不喜欢打篮球。

    (6) prefer sth to sth

    例:I prefer tea to coffee.   我要茶不要咖啡。

    3、when 句型:

    (1) be doing sth ---- when ---

    例:He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in.

    他正笑着的时候门突然开了,他妻子走了进来。

    (2) be about to do sth --- when ---

    例:We were about to start when it began to rain.

    我们刚要出发,天就开始下雨了。

    (3) had not done sth --- when ---/ hardly --- when ---

    例: He had not fallen asleep when the telephone rang.

    他刚要入睡电话就响了。

    (4) had just done ---- when ---

    例:I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang.

    在劳累了一天之后我刚刚就寝,电话铃就响了。

    4、seem 句型:

    (1) It +seems + that从句

    例:It seemed that everyone was satisfied.  看来好像每个人都很满意。

    (2) It seems to sb that ---

    例:It seems to me that she is right.   我看她是对的,

    (3) There seems to be ----

    例:There seems to be a heavy rain.   看上去要有一场大雨。

    (4) It seems as if ----

    例:It seemed that she couldn't come to class.看样子她不能来上课了。

    5、表示“相差……;增加了……;增加到……”句型:

    (1) She is taller than I by three inches. 她比我高三英寸

    (2) There is one year between us. 我们之间相差一岁。

    (3)  She is three years old than I  她比我大三岁。

    (4) They have increased the price by 50%. 他们把价格上涨了50%

    6、what 引导的名词性从句

    (1) what 引导主语从句

    例:What surprised me is that everybody seemed to be very indifferent to her.

    让我吃惊的是每个人似乎对她都很冷淡.

    [ indifferent adj.不关心的;冷漠的]

    (2) what 引导宾语从句

    例:We can learn what we do not know. 我们能学会我们不懂的东西。

    (3) what 引导表语从句

    例:That is what I want.   那正是我所要的。

    (4) what 引导同位语从句

    例:I have no idea what they are talking about. 我不知道他们正在谈论什么.

    7、too句型:

    (1) too...to do sth.

    例:Politics is too important to be left to the politicians.

    (=Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians.)

    政治太重要了,不能由政治家来决定。

    (2) only too --- to do sth

    例:I shall be only too pleased to get home.  我要回到家里就非常高兴。

    (3) too + adj + for sth

    例:These shoes are much too small for me.  我穿这双鞋太小了。

    (4) too + adj + a + n.

    例:This is too difficult a text for me.   这篇课文对我来说太难了。

    (5)  can't … too +形容词     无论……也不为过

    例:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.

    我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

    8、where  句型:

    (1) where 引导的定语从句

    例:This is the house where he lived last year. 这就是他去年住过的房子。

    (2) where 引导的状语从句

    例:Where there is a will,there is a way.有志者事竟成。

    He left his key where he could find.他将钥匙放在易找到的地方。

    I will go where I want to go.我要去我想去的地方。

    (3) where  引导的表语从句

    例:This is where you are wrong.   这正是你错的地方。

    注:引导状语从句的where= 介词+the place where (定语从句)

    例:Go where(ver) you are most needed.到最需要你的地方去。

    9、wish 句型

    (1) wish that sb did sth  希望某人现在做某事

    例:I wish I were as strong as you. 我希望和你一样强壮。

    (2) wish that sb had done sth  希望某人过去做某事

    例: I wish you had told me earlier  要是你早点告诉我就好了。

    (3) wish that sb would/could do sth  希望某人将来做某事

    例:I wish you would succeed this time. 我希望你这次会成功。

    10、would rather 句型:

    (1) would rather do sth than do sth 宁愿做……而不愿做……

    例:She would rather die than turn against his motherland.

    她宁可死也不去背叛祖国。

    (2) would rather have done sth 宁愿过去做过某事

    例:I would rather have taken his advice.  我宁愿过去接受他的意见。

    (3) would rather sb had done sth  宁愿某人过去做过某事

    例:I would rather I had passed the examination last week.

    我真希望通过上星期的考试

    (4) would rather sb did sth  宁愿某人现在或将来做某事

    例: Who would you rather went with you? 你宁愿谁和你一起去?

  
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