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2012高考英语阅读如何“又快又好”


来源:高中英语教学交流
发布时间:2012-05-23 10:04:00
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内容提要:英语阅读试题有10个考核点。它们是:考察细节——考核中心思想——考核生词(高考词汇表以外的)——考核代词指代对象——考核对作者立场的了解——考核文中内容的确认——考核上下文的联系——考核推论能力——考核文字结构分析——考核全文作用的认识。

     阅读要做到又快又好,首先你的词汇量要大且扎实,同时你要善于分析句子,尤其是结构复杂的长句。接下来,你需要了解“阅读试题”的考核点(testing point)。与此同时,是经常性的实践——精读和泛读。请记住,按新课程标准要求,从小读英语,读到高三,累计阅读文字(课本不算,指课外阅读)材料要达到30万。一般课文长度每篇不过300—400个字。以300字一篇计,课外阅读总量为100篇。
   
先讲一讲考核点,英语阅读试题有10个考核点。它们是:考察细节——考核中心思想——考核生词(高考词汇表以外的)——考核代词指代对象——考核对作者立场的了解——考核文中内容的确认——考核上下文的联系——考核推论能力——考核文字结构分析——考核全文作用的认识。其中对“推论能力”的考核难度最大,要求你读出言外之意,弦外之音!这一点,没有对全文的深入理解,是做不到的。
    下面我们解剖一篇短文:
    Shopping is a revealing, entertaining and yet frequently overlooked part of travel. Guide books devote pages to hotels, historical buildings and art galleries but barely mention the fantastic specialist shops. Why not? Set up to meet the needs and desires of a particular community, they take you right to the heart of a place, into the living culture that is so interesting to come across and yet often so hard to find.
    In the same way that you might seek out a good restaurant or museum, all the specialist shops in this book are worth revising your original route. You can join the Parisians who queue for the world-famous bread at Poilane’s; stroll with an ice-cream at midnight in Rome; or have a look at Smith’s, the excellent umbrella shop in London. At Gelbe Musik, Berlin, you can drop by for old and new sounds. Specialist shops are open doorways to tempting new worlds.
    What goes on behind the counters is often energetic. A shop may keep an old fashioned appearance and sense of personal service, but you soon learn that it only survives through devotion and by never ceasing to change. Their future sometimes hangs by the fine thread of an individual’s commitment or a family’s sense of tradition. Some of the shop keepers have given up other careers to follow their parents. Will another generation so dutiful?
    We have a part to play, too, in the survival of these exceptional “trading places”. As consumers, we can vote with our cash to enjoy, and, support the best.
    They offer you export knowledge, best quality and uniqueness of a thing of its kind, just a step off the street.
    1. What kind of a book this preface isn’t introducing?
    A. A Guide to Tourist Attractions
    B. A Guide to Museums
    C. A Guide to Shopping Centers
    D. A guide to Specialist Shops
   
由“barely mention the fantastic specialist shops”可知答案。
    2. Judging from the examples presented in the passage, you can find the following shops in the book except one. That is _____.
    A. Bakery       B. Tea Shop (Coffee House)
    C. CD’s Shop   D. Restaurant
   
参见第二段第一句话。
    3. Most of the shop owners in this book are running their shop for seemingly a common purpose. That is _______.
    A. to make maximum profits
    B. to maintain a family tradition
    C. to refine a special goods
    D. to satisfy particular customers.
   
参见第三段画线部分。
    4. The concluding paragraph contains an understatement to _____.
    A. encourage you to buy
    B. do window shopping
    C. pick up a bargain there
    D. satisfy your curiosity as a tourist
   
参见倒数第二段画线部分。
    5. For whom the book is written for?
    A. Bargain hunters
    B. international tourists
    C. Investors
    D. Average Customers
   
参见文中画线部分最后一段。
    短文后附上5个问题。题1问该前沿介绍的是什么书,考核点为中心思想。题2问哪类商店没有提及,考核点为细节确认。题3系推论题。题4系推论题。题5系内容确认。
    标准答案为D-D-B-A-B。
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