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英语阅读速度提高十法


来源:高中英语教学交流
发布时间:2010-08-21 12:55:00
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内容提要:几乎在任何英语考试中,阅读题都占有很重的分量。信息量大,时间紧是英语阅读的一大特点。提高阅读能力成了广大学生们的共同目标。本文通过简明易懂的方法,教你如何进行快速阅读。

1. Read only the first sentence of a paragraph.

If your author is a good author, he or she will begin each paragraph with a key statement that tells you what that paragraph is about. By reading only the first sentence, you can determine if the paragraph has information you need to know.
  
如果作者够水准的话,他/她在每段的开头都会交代一下该段所的大概内容。只要读每段的第一句话,你就能够判断出该段有没有你想了解的信息了。

If you're reading literature, this still applies, but know that you may miss details that enrichthe story. When the language in literature is artful, I would choose to read every word.
  
如果你读的是文学作品的话,这个方法依然适用。不过要知道,这样的话你可能会错过很多用于丰富故事的细节。如果所读的文学作品妙语连珠的话,我会选择逐字逐句地拜读。

2. Skip to the last sentence of the paragraph.

The last sentence in a paragraph should also contain clues for you about the importance of the material covered. A last sentence often serves two functions -- it wraps up the thought expressed and provides a connection to the next paragraph.
  
一段的最后一句话也应该会包含有关这段材料的重要性的线索。段末一句话一般来说有2个功能-总结一下所表达的思想;为下一段作过渡。

3. Read phrases.

When you've skimmedfirst and last sentences and determined the paragraph is worth reading, you still don't need to read every word. Move your eyes quickly over each line and look for phrases and key words. Your mind will automaticallyfill in the words between.
  
当浏览过段首及段末的两句话后,如果你觉得这段内容值得你去读,你也不必逐字通读。眼睛快速扫描每行文字,寻找词组和关键词。你的大脑会自动帮你补全那些跳过的文字的。

4. Ignore the little words.

Ignore the little words like it, to, a, an, and, be -- you know the ones. You don't need them. Your brain will see these little words without acknowledgment.
  
忽略诸如it,to,a,an,and,be等“小词”-这些词你太熟悉了。(在阅读过程中,)你并不需要他们。你的大脑会自动识别这些小词的。

5. Look for key points.

Look for key points while you're reading for phrases. You're probably already aware of the key words in the subject you're studying. They'll pop out at you. Spend a little more time with the material around those key points.
  
在以词组为单位进行阅读时,注意寻找要点。有关于文章中研究对象的关键词,可能你在事先已做到心中有数了。在阅读过程中,这些关键词会在你眼前跳出来。多花点时间在那些要点附近的材料上。

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