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精准备考2018年高考英语语法填空


来源:高中英语教学交流网 发布时间:2018-05-28 20:48:00 查看次数:

内容提要:去年写过一篇有关2014-2017年的文章,现在补充上2017年的内容,预祝2018年高考成功!

全国卷从2014年开始采用语法填空的题型,其中14年和15年各有2套,16年有3套,173套,至今为止,共有10套题目。根据这10套题目,可以得出以下规律。 

1、必考:副词1个、连词1-2个、动词2-4 

2、副词

"常考结构:

**be+副词+ done 【副词修饰be done;  be         officialgiven..

动词+名词+副词【副词修饰动词+名词,其中动词和名词构成动宾结构】;如we take short breaks         regular.          give out that heat         (slow)..

连词+副词+动词【副词修饰动词】;如which         (gradual) turned into chopsticks.

名词/代词+副词+动词【副词修饰动词。其中名词/代词和动词构成主谓结构】;如it         (actual) caught fire..          the crowd of strangers       (sudden) became..           it          (regular) arranges…

be+副词+形容词 【副词修饰形容词】: it must have been        (fair) unpleasant for the passengers.     It is_______ (certain) fun.

  副词后接逗号,Even ______(bad),

  特殊情况:A few hours         . I’d been at home in Hong Kong... 

#考法:形变副;副词变比较级【前有even, much, a little,或有than,或句意】

$考过的单词【形式上多数是形容词后加ly就行了】:actually (actual), suddenly (sudden), slowly(slow), earlier/before, officially (official), regularly (regular), gradually(gradual),fairly (fair), certainly (certain) , worse (bad)

3、连词

" 考法:并列连词 and , or ,

从属连词【后接从句】(定语从句、状语从句、宾语从句)

# 考过的连词

2次考查and,如 There were many people waiting at the bus stop, and some of them looked very anxious

…Korea, and Vietnam…

or: 如:a few days or even a few months

【可以延伸为but/yetwhile等】

6次考查定语从句连词: 如:

…show in the mid-1980s, when I was the first Western TV reporter…

…Confucius, who lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C.,

…the Li River that/which  are pictured by…

…a habit that/which is driving…

Like anything, it is impossible to have too much of both, which is not good for the health.

But Sarah, who has taken part in shows along with top models wants to prove that she has brains as well as beauty.

【常考前有逗号,后接动词be/do/did等】 

how+副词或形容词,如 figured out exactly how thick the adobe walls needed to be…

as 形容词/副词 as  如:…be as productive as possible before lunch.

As/when "随着""当……时", As/When the population grew, people began cutting food into small pieces…

 4、动词:

"考法涉及主谓一致、虚拟语气、时态、语态、非谓语。简称一致二态三非(一为一致;时态和语态;三单,三个非谓语) 

动词的形式有:动词原形、第三人称单数、过去式、be doingbe donehave/has/had donewill/would do 

#考过的动词:其中提示词be出现5次,make 出现2次,use 出现2次。

助动词【情态动词、助动词后接动原】用于疑问句, Did anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?”

动词原形【祈使句】:如makemakesure it’s a relief…

第三人称单数(一般现在时),如:This cycle goes (go) day after day.
       But at the moment, school comes (come) first.

过去式(一般过去时) 如:…when I arrived  (arrive) in Yangshuo…

A boy on a bike caught (catch) my attention.

Later, engineers managed (manage) to construct railways in a system of deep tunnels (隧道), which became known to the tube.

Be动词考查(is, am, are, were, was, has been, have been),如:

Leaving the less important things until tomorrow isbeoften acceptable.

Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and were (be) too violent…

It was (be) unimaginable…

Yangshuo is (be) really beautiful.

Fast food is (be) full of fat and salt; 

被动语态:【人作主语且是动作承受者、物作主语,be后接过去分词】

…I was allowedallowto get up close to…

Truly elegant chopsticks might be made (make) of…

Steam engines were used (use) to pull the carriages…

            When fat and salt are removed (remove) from food, the food tastes as if   it is missing something.

             Sarah has been told/ was told (tell) that she could be Britain’s new supermodel earning a million dollars in the new year.

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