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定语从句的考查与运用


来源:百试乐英语 发布时间:2018-01-26 10:53:00 查看次数:

内容提要:在2017年新高考试卷中,无论是听说考试还是笔试,定语从句无处不在,考生一定要重视学习,理解并学会运用,同时在试卷中找到关联,激发自己运用该知识点。

定语从句在2017年高考真题中的考查与运用

江门市新会梁启超纪念中学   梁雄炬

定语从句是高考的常考点,既是重点又是难点!笔者从2017年全国高考英语真题找出各题型包含、考查、运用定语从句的知识点,目的引导学生紧扣新高考大纲,掌握有效学习方法,夯实基础,巩固重点知识,学会学习,提升能力。

1.And that’s something we’re likely to have mixed feelings about.2017年广东高考英语听说考试真题B•Part A

分析:文中句子And that’s something(其实省略了that,因为that在后面的定语从句中当about的宾语we’re likely to have mixed feelings about(这是我们很可能会百感交集的事情。

2. Are there any dangerous jobs that robots can do?2017年广东高考英语听说考试真题B•Part B

分析:此处使用了定语从句!引导词that修饰前面先行词jobs,在从句中当do的宾语,that其实可以省略,但此处不能用which引导,因为当先行词是下列不定代词或被它们修饰时much, little, none, all, few, everything, anything, nothing 等时,通常用that

3. Robots can work in areas that cannot be reached by humans.2017年广东高考英语听说考试真题B•Part B

分析:引导词that修饰前面先行词areas,在从句中当主语,that不可以省略。

4. Are there many people who see a doctor by this means?2017年广东高考英语听说考试真题D•Part B

分析:引导词who修饰前面先行词people,在从句中当主语,指人,who不可以省略,或可以用that

5. What’s the job that the local families mostly offer?2017年广东高考英语听说考试真题A•Part B

分析:引导词that修饰前面先行词the job,在从句中当offer的宾语,that可省略,或可以用which

6.  She showed Tom the places which meant a lot to her, like the church where she got married and the factory where she used to work. 2017年广东高考英语听说考试真题B•Part C

分析:此处出现了3个定语从句,分别是:定语从句which meant a lot to her修饰先行词the places,引导词which代替the places在从句当主语,注意,这里不能用where定语从句where she got married修饰先行词the church,引导词where代替the church在从句当地点状语,注意,这里反过来又不能用which,这是难点!不少考生还没弄清。定语从句where she used to work修饰先行词the factory,引导词where代替the factory在从句当地点状语,这句与前面句一样结构,也可以借助并列连词and来判断。

7. It has to continue to move, because the way the world works is not the same,” says Moran. 2017卷阅读理解C

分析:定语从句“the world works”修饰前面的先行词the way,省略了thatin which,这句话的意思是:因为世界的运作方式是不一样的。“the way+从句结构在英语教科书中出现的频率较高,the way是先行词,其后是定语从句。它有三种表达形式:1 the way + that2the way+ in which3the way +从句省略了thatin which,在通常情况下,用in which引导的定语从句最为正式,用that的次之,而省略了关系代词thatin which的,反而显得更自然,最为常用。如下面三句话所示,其意义相同。I like the way in which he talks. = I like the way that he talks.= I like the way he talks.

8. The friends who introduced me to camping thought that it meant to be a pioneer.2017卷阅读七选五

分析:定语从句“who introduced me to camping”修饰前面的先行词The friends,引导词who当从句的主语,修饰人The friends,当然可以用that,但不能用which!这句话的意思是:介绍我去露营的朋友们认为这意味着要成为一个先锋。

9. The trip they took me on was a rough one.2017卷阅读七选五

分析:定语从句“they took me on”,修饰前面的先行词The trip,其实省略了引导词thatwhich,因为在从句中当宾语。这句话的意思是:他们带我去的旅行是一段艰难的旅程。

10. What I saw was completely unlike anything I had experienced in the past.2017卷完形填空

分析:定语从句“I had experienced in the past”修饰前面的先行词anything,省略了that(不能用which),这句话的意思是:我所看到的完全不同于过去我所经历的一切。

11. Like anything, it is possible to have too much of both,  70 which  is not good for the health. 2017卷语法填空

分析:这是非限制性定语从句。根据句意跟其他食物一样,吃得太多也是有可能的,但这对健康不利,设空处应该指代前面整句话,所以只能用which引导非限制性定语从句,先行词为前文中的have too much of both“摄入过多的脂肪和盐,所以此处填which

12. In their spare time, they are interested in planting vegetables in their garden, that is on the rooftop of their house.2017卷短文改错

分析:本题考查非限制性定语从句,非限制性定语从句需要用which引导,故将that改为which

13.  Of course, you’d better make some preparation for it, so I suggest you learn about the brief history of Tang dynasty, which will surely help with your learning of the poems.

分析:参考答案运用高级句式:which引导的非限制性定语从句,指代前面整个句子,补充说明,只能用which引导,千万不能用that。我们在写作时,能用上这个重点语法,是比较高级的表达和运用,可以提高评卷老师对你的加分!

2017年新高考试卷中,无论是听说考试还是笔试,定语从句无处不在,考生一定要重视学习,理解并学会运用,同时在试卷中找到关联,激发自己运用该知识点。同时提醒考生,学习不只在课堂,在日常生活中,做有心人、用心人,留意身边的事物,英语就在你身边,你会学到、学好英语的!最后,请考生查查这句话的意思并了解其语法:He laughs best who laughs last.

——原创 2017-12-31 梁雄炬 百试乐英语

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