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2017届广东肇庆高中毕业班第二次统一检测题英语


来源:高中英语教学交流网 发布时间:2017-04-25 10:08:00 查看次数:

内容提要:2017届广东肇庆高中毕业班第二次统一检测题英语

 肇庆市中小学教学质量评估

2017届高中毕业班第二次统一检测

 

本试卷共8页,卷面满分120分。考试用时120分钟。

注意事项:

    1.本试卷分第I(选择题)和第II(非选择题)两部分。答卷前,考生务必

      将自己的姓名、考生号、考场号和座位号填写在答题卡上。因本测试不考

      听力,第I卷从第二部分的阅读理解开始,试题序号从“21”开始。

2.回答第I卷时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号

  涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案标号。写在本试卷上

  无效。

    3.回答第II卷时,将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

    4.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

I

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABC D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Master painter Zhang Daqian (1899-1983) was well known for having a large number of friends and students. Among them, painter Li Qiujun was special.

They got to know each other through Li's elder brother, who was one of Zhang's best friends.

They admired each other's artistic talent and became confidants, which resulted in a romantic relationship.

In 1948, Zhang produced Spring Clouds Amid Autumn Landscape, a mountain-and-water ink painting featuring gongbi (meticulous brushwork), as a gift for Li's 50th birthday.

A year later, Zhang permanently departed from the mainland, and traveled and exhibited around the world before settling down in Taipei in 1976.

After leaving the mainland, he often said that he missed Li, who died in Shanghai in 1973.

Spring Clouds Amid Autumn Landscape will be auctioned in Hong Kong on Oct 4.

The painting not only marks a friendship between the two painters, but it deserves special attention because it shows Zhang at the top of his game as he sought to master the mountain-and-water style, according to C.K. Cheung, head of Sotheby's Chinese painting department.

Sotheby's will auction the work at its major autumn sale, which runs from Oct 1 to 5.

Cheung says the painting's composition and Zhang's attention to details reflect his incorporation of traditional touches, especially from Song Dynasty (960-1279) paintings, while also developing his own style.

21. The underlined word “confidants” in paragraph 3 probably means ____.

   A. enemies        B. colleges         C. friends        D. painters

22. How old was Li Qiujun when she died?

   A. 50             B. 75             C. 78            D. 84

23. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?

   A. Spring Clouds Amid Autumn Landscape was originally a gift for Li's 50th birthday.

   B. Zhang Daqian permanently departed from the mainland in 1949.

   C. Sotheby's will auction Spring Clouds Amid Autumn Landscape in Hong Kong.

   D. Li Qiujun's elder brother was also one of ZhangDaqian's students.

B

A new international study shows that some people's biological clock plays a powerful role for their life expectancy, regardless of lifestyle choices.

Published in the latest issue of Aging on Wednesday, the study has found the most definitive evidence to explain why some people keep healthy lifestyle but die younger than others.

Geneticist Steve Horvath from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), led a team of 65 scientists around the world to record age-related changes to human DNA, analyse blood samples collected from 13,000 people and estimate their lifespan.

A higher biological age, regardless of actual age, consistently predicts an earlier death, the study says.

"You get people who are vegan, sleep 10 hours a day, have a low-stress job, and still end up dying young," Horvath said in a statement. "We have shown some people have a faster innate aging rate."

The findings discovered that 5 percent of the population ages at a faster biological rate, which translated to a roughly 50 percent higher than average risk of death at any age.

"The great hope is that we find anti-aging interventions that would slow your innate aging rate," Horvath said, adding that "this is an important milestone to realizing this dream."

Some people keep healthy lifestyle but die younger than others because ______.

    A. their biological clock is not powerful enough

    B. the most definitive evidence has been found

    C. they have a higher actual age than others

    D. they ages at a relatively faster biological rate

How was the study conducted?

    A. By collecting and analyzing data

    B. By interviewing lots of people

    C. By researching previous studies

    D. By studying different lifestyles

According to the study, it can be inferred that ______.

    A. people who keep healthy lifestyle tend to live longer

    B. people’s lifespan can be predicted by their age

    C. 5 percent of people are believed to have a faster innate aging rate

    D. anti-aging interventions have proved to slow the innate aging rate

Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

    A. We all should keep healthy lifestyle

B. Geneticist finds anti-aging interventions

C. Biological clock predicts life expectancy

    D. Horvath builds an important milestone

C

As a Chinese saying goes, “Taste is actually a memory of childhood”. Local specialty food may not be popular among all people, but it offers outsiders a glimpse of local culture and history.

Gongcheng “oil tea” is such a kind of food that would be considered “weird” by many first-time visitors to the remote county in the north of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Many people dislike its bitter and astringent(涩的) flavor when they take a sip.

“It felt like drinking Chinese herbal medicine. I never expected that I would gradually accept it afterwards, and even become addicted to it,” said a traveler surnamed Zhang who comes from Shijiazhuang in northern China’s Hebei province.

Langshan village is said to be the birthplace of Gongcheng “oil tea” whose ideal ingredients are green tea and fermented tea. The village has preserved well its buildings and roads dating back to late Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), as well as its traditional way of making the special tea.

Lin Fengyou, 60, introduced the cooking process. She looks younger than her age, and attributes this to the benefits of drinking “oil tea” throughout the year.

The first procedure is to use a wooden hammer to pound the tea while heating it in an iron pot, and then add edible oil and boiled water afterwards. She filters off the solid residues(余渣), and pours the glue-like green tea soup into bowls. Then, she adds salt, caraway seed, green onion, dried rice, fried groundnuts, sliced taro and fried beans.

The taste of the “oil tea” is a mixture of the distinctive flavors of all its ingredients. Local people usually eat it together with glutinous rice(糯米) balls, rice dumplings and glutinous rice cake.

The villagers consume “oil tea” three times a day. The tea soup is a healthy and refreshing food. “The tea soup to us is coffee to Westerners”, said Lin. “But it is tastier.”

Many first-time visitors may find “oil tea” ______ when taking a sip.

    A. popular    B. strange     C. addicted       D. beneficial

What can we learn about Lin Fengyou according to the passage?

    A. She never expected that she would gradually accept “oil tea”.

    B. She is one of the reasons why the special tea has been preserved.

    C. She thinks drinking “oil tea” throughout the year makes her look younger.

    D. She drinks “oil tea” three times every day and considers coffee tastier.

Which is the correct order of cooking “oil tea” according to Lin Fengyou?

    a. pour the glue-like green tea soup into bowls

    b. heat the tea in an iron pot and pound the tea

    c. add salt, caraway seed, green onion, dried rice, etc

    d. add edible oil and boiled water

    e. filter off the solid residues

    A. bdeac      B. dbace       C. acebd   D. beadc

Which column is this passage probably taken from?

    A. Culture & Education    B. Entertainment  C. Health   D. Travel

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