Unit 4 Earthquakes
Part One: Teaching Design (第一部分：教学设计)
Period 1: A sample lesson plan for reading
(A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN’T SLEEP)
To listen and talk about natural disasters
To read about earthquakes
I. Warming up
Warming up by looking
Good morning class. Have you ever experienced any natural disasters? Look at the pictures, can you name all the disasters?
volcano fire sandstorm
typhoon hailstone thunderstorm
flood hurricane earthquake
Have you ever experienced an earthquake? Can you describe how terrible an earthquake is?
(The earth is shaking; all the buildings will fall down; many people will die; many children will become orphans.)
Warming up by discussing
Now, look at the pictures of Tangshan and San Francisco in warming up and describe what you see in the pictures. (beautiful cities; broad roads; tall building; large population.)
What will happen if there has been a big earthquake in these two cities?
As we all know, earthquakes are disasters to everyone. But can we avoid or at least reduce the loss caused by earthquakes? Can we foretell earthquakes? Now let’s come to Pre-reading and decide what may happen before an earthquake comes.
1.Talking and sharing
What are the signs of an earthquake? (e.g. Cows, pigs and dogs become too nervous too eat. The mice will run out of the fields looking for places to hide. The water in the wells will rise and fall. Walls of the wells in village will have deep cracks. There will be bright light in the sky….)
2. Imaging and sharing
Imagine there is an earthquake now, your home begins to shake and you must leave it right away. You have time to take only one thing. What will you take? Why?
1. Listening and fast reading
Now let’s come to the text “A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN’T SLEEP” and see what it tells us.
Please listen to the text and get the general idea of the passage. You should pay attention to the first sentences of each paragraph. In what order is the text written? (The text is written in time order. The general idea is the mixture of the first sentences of each paragraph, that is, the text tells us something that happened before the earthquake, during the earthquake and after the earthquake.)
2. Reading and underlining
Next you are to read and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in the passage. Copy them in your notebook after class as homework.
Collocations from A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN’T SLEEP
a smelly gas, come out of, in the farmyards, too nervous to eat, run out of, look
for place to hide, water pipes, think little of sth., as usual, it seemed that, at an
end, one hundred kilometers away, one-third, eight kilometers long, thirty meters
wide, cut across, in ruins, be injury, the number of, reach more than 400, 000,
everywhere, everything was destroyed, be gone, blow away, sth. be not safe for, tens of thousands of, give milk, half a million, instead of, be shocked, later that afternoon,
be trapped under the ruins, fall down, all…is/was not…,hundreds of thousands of,
dig out, the dead, to the north of, coal mines, built shelters, fresh water
3. Reading aloud and translating
Next we are going to read aloud the text and translate it into Chinese.
4. Reading and transforming information
Read the text again and answer the following questions.
1. What natural signs of coming disaster were there?
2. Can you think of some reasons why these signs weren’t noticed?
3. Can you describe the disaster caused by the earthquake?
4. What events and situations probably made the disaster worse?
5. How were the survivors helped?
6. Could anything more have been done to help the survivors? Why or why not?
Answers: 1, 3, 4, 5 are easy to answer.
2. Maybe at that time people didn’t have knowledge of an earthquake.
6. The students have their own answers.
4. Discussing writing style
As you have understood the general idea of the text, I still put more questions to you.
1. From whose point of view are events described? How do you know? (A writer
who didn’t see the quake uses the third person “they” when he writes.)
2.Why do you think the writer chose to express her feelings about the quake rather than simply report what happened? (Although the writer was not there he felt sad for the people of Tang Shan. He knows that giving some feelings will make the reading more interesting.)
3.Why is the title “A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN’T SLEEP”? (As usual, night is the time to sleep, and night should be quiet and safe. But that night everything changed. The writer used it as a title to show how terrible and how unusual that night is.)
5. Reading and understanding difficult sentences.
If you have some difficult sentences to understand, come to me for help.
IV. Closing down
Closing down by doing exercises
Now please do the comprehending Exercises 1, 2 and 3 on page 27.
Closing down by discussing
By now you’ve known that earthquakes are terrible natural disasters and that China is unlucky enough to have a lot of them. Now imagine that your group lives in the city that has a lot of earthquakes, what should you do during an earthquake? Look at the given situation and discuss in pairs.
(1) If you are OUTDOORS, …
(2) If you are in a HIGH BUILDING, …
(3) If you are DRIVING, …
(4) If you are HAVING CLASS, …
(5) If you are in a CINEMA, …
What should you do during the earthquake?
(1) how to rescue those still trapped in the ruins;
(2) how to take care of the survivors;
(3) how to repair buildings that survived the earthquake;
(4) what to do with the buildings that survived the earthquake;
(5) where to find people to help build a new city;
(6) how to teach children about earthquake safety;
(7) where to put information for survivors and their families;
(8) how to plan for further disasters.