读写任务议论文写作高分技巧
  来源:高中英语教学交流
发布时间:2013年01月16日
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内容提要:概括文章要点,要语言要精炼,概括要全面,行文连贯,表达准确。议论文则用自己的话表达论点、论据和结论。
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读写任务议论文写作高分技巧

一、读写任务议论文写作框架

任务型写作是有法可依的,只要了解和掌握其写作框架,就能保证不离题,从而获得比较高的分数。下面就议论文写作模式或框架谈谈具体的操作方法。

一、确定标题

不管好坏,一定要有标题,标题是文章的点睛之处。根据所给材料和所规定的论题或要点确立自己论述的内容或观点后进行命题。命题要体现整篇文章议论的中心。如:Opinions towards fast food; Is Failure a Bad Thing? Learn From Mistakes等。

二、进行概括

概括文章要点,要语言要精炼,概括要全面,行文连贯,表达准确。议论文则用自己的话表达论点、论据和结论。

概括时常用的句式有:

1. This article deals with / discusses / analyzes/ strongly emphasizes …

2. This article not only describes … but also suggests…

3. This article compares…and summarizes key findings…

4. This article gives an account of / provides an analysis of / provides a method of…

5. This article reports the news on

6. The problem of sth. is discussed in the passage. Most people think that...., but

7. This article shows / tells us that …

8. The author finds it necessary to…

9. The author holds the idea that …, giving it an example of sb. who… (观点+例证)

10. The author strongly emphasizes the benefits of doing, such as…(观点: 什么的什么+例证)

三、自然过渡

写完概括后,用句恰当的过渡语引出自己的观点(反对或赞成)。过渡语起承上启下的作用,使文章显得自然、连贯。

常用的过渡句式有:

1. The story is so instructive that after reading it I can't help beginning to think more about....

2. In some way, I agree with…, but …

3. This idea/point about... sounds right, but I think that it is more important to do somrthing than...

4. However, I think…

5. I definitely believe…

6. In my opinion, …

7. Personally, I feel that…

8. As far as I'm concerned, …

9. I can't agree more with the father/.../...  Such cases are often seen in our life.

10. Attitudes towards … are various.

11. The passage reminds me of my experience.  When I was...

12. The passage reminds me of what I experienced when I did sth.

13. I have the same opinion as the author. I hold the view that (观点)...

14.I do agree with the author…

I can't agree more that using Micro Blogs can help students to interact with some important people conveniently.

15.I can't agree more with the author..

16.After reading this passage, I can't help beginning to think more about

After reading this passage, I can't help beginning to think more about the connection between destiny and life.

17.After reading the story, I feel

四、列举例证

提出自己的观点后就要用具体的事例来论证自己的观点。

常用的句式有:

1. Firstly ,… Secondly,…thirdly, finally…

2. On the one hand,… on the other hand,…

3. For one thing…and for another…

4. Furthermore/Besides/In addition, …

5. Some think…, while others may ….

五、总结点题

总结句约30词,.进一步总结作者的观点,提出具体做法或号召,升华文章的主题。可以用套语配名言来点题,并注意文章前后呼应。

常用的句式有:

1. In conclusion, …

2. In short, …

3. In a word, …

4. In general, …

5. All in all, …

6. All these things considered, …

7. To sum up, …

8. Therefore, …

  
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