听说考试角色扮演三问复习
  来源:高中英语教学交流
发布时间:2011年03月08日
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内容提要:听说考试角色扮演三问复习

一、疑问句的分类

    疑问句分为两种:一种是be动词、情态动词、助动词(do、did、does),have、has等开头的一般疑问句。可以直接用“yes”或者“no”回答。例如:

1. —Is this your English book?                 —Yes,it is. /  —No,it isn`t.。

2. —Can you spell your name?                 —Yes,I can..  / —No,I can`t.

3.-Do you like swim?                         -Yes ,I do.   -No,I don’t.

4. —Have you ever been there?                 — Yes, I have。/  ---No,I haven’t.

   还有一种用疑问词引导的疑问句叫做特殊疑问句。回答特殊疑问句时不能用yes或no。用降调。为了便于理解、掌握特殊疑问句,我们把疑问词分为三类:

疑问代词:what,who,Which,whose,whom

疑问副词:when,where,why,how

疑问形容词:what(which,whose)+名词

意思:

where 在哪里,问地点                             whose 谁的,问谁的东西

who 谁,问人                                     what 什么,问东西

what do(did) 做什么                                what time 什么时间,问几点

when 什么时候,问年份,月份或日期

how 怎样                                        how many多少,问可数东西的数量

how much多少,问不可数东西的数量,或问价格      how long 多久(问时间段)

how old 几岁了,问年龄                           how soon 多久以后

how far 多远                                      how often 多久一次(问频率)

1.“what”“什么”,用来对“事”或“职业,看法”等提问

①你爸爸干什么的?what’s your father?

②今天天气如何?  What’s the weather like today?

③你认为这部电影怎么样?What do you think of the film?

2.who“谁”,用来对“人”提问

①谁在门后?Who is behind the door?

3.which“哪个”可对人提问,也可对“物”提问。

①哪个城市更大?北京还是上海?

Which city is bigger, Beijing or Shanghai?

②哪个女孩得了奖?

Which girl won the prize?

4.whose“谁”,用来对物主代词及名词所有格提问。

这个包是谁的?Whose bag is this?

5.when“什么时候”,对时间提问,对具体钟点提问“what time”

①你什么时候到的?When did you arrive?

②几点钟开始第一堂课?What time does the first class begin?

6.why 对原因的提问

①你昨天为什么没和我们一起去?Why didn’t you go with us yesterday?

②你为什么想建科学实验室?Why do you want to build a science lab?

7.where“哪里”,对地点的提问

Where shall we meet tomorrow?

8.how 对方式,程度,状态的提问

你认为中国怎么样?How do you like China?(问看法)

How do you go to school?

9.how much对不可数名词的数量提问,或对价格的提问

①How much meat is there in the fridge?

②How much are these apples?

10.how soon “多久”,对一段时间的提问

How soon will he come back?   In threee days.

11.how often“多久一次”,对频率提问

你多长时间浇一次花?How often do you water the flowers?   Threee times a day.

12. how old 对年龄的提问

How old are you?

例句:

Where are you going? 你上哪儿去?              Where am I? 我在哪儿?

Where is your bike? 你的自行车在哪儿?         Whose bike is this? 这辆自行车是谁的?

Whose books are those? 那些书是谁的?

Who are you? 你是谁?                        Who am I? 我是谁?

Who is he? 他是谁?                        Who do you think you are? 你以为你是谁?

What is your name? 你叫什么名字?           What time is it? 几点了?

What are you doing? 你在做什么?

Which girls do you like best? 你喜欢哪几个姑娘?

What girls do you like best? 你喜欢什么样的姑娘?

Which do you prefer, coffee or tea? 咖啡和茶,你喜欢喝哪种?

What do you usually drink before dinner? 你饭前通常喝什么?

Who(m) did you meet on the street?你在街上遇到了谁?(作动词宾语)

Who(m) are you taking the book to?你要把这书带给谁?(作介词宾语,置句首)

To whom did you speak on the campus?你在校园里和谁讲话了?(作介词宾语) 
 
二、常见的疑问句

     问题                                          回答

1. What is your/her/his name?                 My/Her/His name is Li Ming.

2. How are you today?                        I’m fine, thanks/thank you.

3. Where is your teacher?                      She is in the library.

4. What’s this/that?                           It’s a pen/blackboard.

5. How many books do you have?               I have one.

6. May I have one book, please?                 Sure! Here you are.

7. May I borrow your book, Jenny?              Sure! Here you are.

8. What colour is it?                           It’s red!

9. Do you like apples?                         Yes, I do./ No, I don’t.

10. How many colours do you like?               Four.

11. What are they?                            They are red, blue, yellow and green.

12. What is your favourite colour?                 My favourite colour is white.

13. Whose hat is this?                           It’s mine/his/hers.

14. Is this your dress, Jenny?                     No! It’s too big/small for me.

15. Do you like shorts?                         Yes! Shorts are my favourite clothes!

16. How do you feel?                           I’m happy./ I feel sad.

17. Are you hot?                               Yes, I’m very hot!

18. Do you feel warm or cool, Li Ming?            I feel warm.

19. What colour are her eyes?                     They’re blue!

20. What colour are your eyes and hair?          
 Is your hair long or short?

21. Are you short or tall?                          I’m short/tall.

22. How tall are you?                             I’m 1.7 metres tall.

23. What’s the matter with the man?                 He cut his finger. It hurts.

24. How are you today, Li Lin? Are you okay?         No, I have a headache.

25. Do you like fish?

26. Would you like some dumplings, Jenny?           No, thanks!

27. Would you like some soup, Jenny?               Yes, please! I’d like some soup.

28. What’s your favourite food?           My favourite food is noodles. Noodles are delicious.

29. What would you like?                          Cereal.(谷类)

30. What would you like for lunch?                  I’d like sugar on porridge.

31. How much for one donut?                       Five yuan.

32. Are you ready to order?                       Yes, please. I would like some dumplings.

33. How old are you?                             I’m twelve years old.

34. What does your brother do?                     He is a police officer.

35. What is her job?                               She is a bus driver.

36. Will you come to my birthday party?            Sure!

37. What is he doing?                              He’s crying.

38. What is your father doing?                       He is working.

39. What are they doing?                           They are making dumplings.

40. How do you go to school?                       By car. My dad drives me.

41. How does she go to work?                       She goes to work on her bicycle.

42. How does your aunt go to work?                 She goes to work on foot.

43. Is the library far from here?                  No! It’s just up the stairs!Let me show you.

44. Where are you going?                           To the bicycle shop across the street.

45. Are the erasers on sale?                         Yes, they are.

46. What’s three plus four?                         It’s seven.

47. What’s ten minus eight?                         It’s two.

48. What is the lion doing?                          It is sleeping. The lion is lonely.

49. Where does a bird live?                         A bird lives in a tree.

50. What’s the weather like in spring?              It’s warm and windy in spring.

51. How is the weather in winter?                    It’s cold and snowy in winter.

52. What weather do you like best?                   I like rainy days best.

53. What’s the date today?                          It’s October 23.

54. When is your birthday, Danny?                   My birthday is December 17.

55. What day is it today?                           It’s Tuesday.

56. How is the weather today?                       It’s rainy.

57. When is New Year’s Day?                        January 1 is New Year’s Day.

58. What does your sister like to do?                She likes to work on the computer.

59. Do you like to go to the store to buy clothes?   Yes, I do.

60. What time is it now?                            It’s 7:00. Time for breakfast.

61. When do you go to school?                       I go to school at 7:20 in the morning.

62. When do you go home?                             At 5:30, I go home.

63. What’s your favourite subject?                 My favourite subject is English?

64. What do you do in the morning?                  I have breakfast with my family in the morning.

65. Are these countries near us?                      No, they are far from our country..

66. What is the capital city of China?                  It’s Beijing!

67. What do they speak in the U.K.?                  They speak English.

68. What is it in English?

   What is this in English?                          It’s an apple.

69. Do you know which country is in the north of the U.S.?

  Canada is in the north of the U.S.

70. Do you know what country this is?                 It’s the U.K.

 
三、练习

1、你认为她的新鞋子怎样?

2、你周末想去哪里?

3、Chuck和kelly是什么关系?

4、他已经在澳大利亚住了多久?

5、你喜欢哪类的音乐?

6、你们的新体育馆还有多久才能完工?

7、你认为为什么一些青少年开始吸烟?

8、从这到学校有多远?

9、事故是如何发生的?

10、比赛将会在什么时候举行?

11、中国现在的人口是多少?

12、怎么去车站?

13、和lucy说话的人是谁?

14、你知道人们将来的生活会怎样吗?

15、谈话在什么地方进行?

16、四月份这里常下雨吗?

17、你认为好的学习习惯有多重要?

18、你认为明天上海的天气会怎样?

19、所有科目中,你最喜欢哪一科?

20、那个手袋是谁的?

21、那个女孩回来时不开心吗?

22、他怎么能在没有如何准备的情况下赢得冠军?

23、你感觉这样有多久了?

24、他何时动身去伦敦?

25、红酒是什么制成的?

 
疑问句复习翻译:

1.What do you think of her new shoes?

2.Where are you going on /at the weekend?

3.What's the relationship between Chuck and Kelly?

4.How long has he been in Australia?

5.What kind of music do you like?

6.How soon will your new gymnasium be completed?

7.Why do you think some adolescents start smoking?

8.How far is your school from here?

9.How did the accident happen?

10.When is the competition to be held?

11.What’s the population of China now?

12.Which is the way to the station?

13.Who is the man talking to Lucy?

14.Do you know what life will be like in the future?

15.Where does the conversation take place?

16.Does it often rain here in April?

17.How important do you think a good study habit is?

18.What do you expect the weather is like in Shanghai tomorrow?

19.Which do you like best of all the subjects?

20.Who does the handbag belong to ?

21.Was the girl unhappy when she came back?

22.How can Betty win the championship without any preparation?

23.How long have you felt like this?

24.When will he leave for London?

25.What is the red wine made from?

  
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