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知否知否,核心语法两句话就足够!


来源:高中英语教学交流网 发布时间:2019-01-07 22:53:00 查看次数:

内容提要:关于语法,一直都有讲成分(主谓宾定状补表同)及词类(名副形动介连冠代数)。不过在实际运用中,部分学生还是记不住这18个点。这导致语法填空不知道填什么词,改错题无从下手。我总结了这两句话,希望对这些学生有所帮助!

实的行动,感叹接连的张

主表意,壮丁

以上两句话涉及到了十种词类,八种成分,六种从句。

 

实的行动,感叹接连的张

词类分别为数词、名词、副词、形容词、动词、叹词、介词、连词、冠词、代词。

前面五个(数词、名词、副词、形容词、动词)在语法填空是有提示词的。

后面五个(除去叹词,介词、连词和冠词这三个是没有提示词的,代词有时会有提示的)。

在改错题中,可以根据名副形动,介连冠代的顺序排查错误的地方。

 

主表意,壮丁

小主表示主语,表示同意也就是表语和同位语,兵就是宾语,壮丁也就是状语和定语,补也就是补语,位就是谓语。

主语、表语、同位语、宾语又称为名词性从句;状语从句也叫副词性从句;定语从句也叫形容词性从句。

在分析语法的时候,常常会分析句子以上八种成分。


最后,附上2018年全国乙卷的语法填空和改错题练习一下吧。


语法填空  

     According to a review of evidence in a medical journal, runners live three years 61__________(long) than non-runners. You don’t have to run fast or for long 62__________(see) the benefit. You may drink, smoke, be overweight and still reduce your risk of 63__________ (die) early by running.

  While running regularly can’t make you live forever, the review says it 64 __________(be) more effective at lengthening life 65__________ walking, cycling or swimming. Two of the authors of the review also made a study published in 2014 66 __________ showed a mere five to 10 minutes a day of running reduced the risk of heart disease and early deaths from all 67__________ (cause).

  The best exercise is one that you enjoy and will do. But otherwise … it’s probably running. To avoid knee pain, you can run on soft surfaces, do exercises to 68__________(strength) your leg muscles (肌肉), avoid hills and get good running shoes. Running is cheap, easy and it’s always 69 __________ (energy). If you are time poor, you need run for only half the time to get the same benefits as other sports, so perhaps we should all give 70__________ a try.

  改错题

  During my last winter holiday, I went to countryside with my father to visit my grandparents. I find a big change there. The first time I went there, they were living in a small house with dogs, ducks, and another animals. Last winter when I went here again, they had a big separate house to raise dozens of chicken. They also had a small pond which they raised fish. My grandpa said last summer they earned quite a lot by sell the fish. I felt happily that their life had improved. At the end of our trip, I told my father that I planned to return for every two years, but he agreed.


参考答案

61. longer

62. to see 

63. dying

64. is

65. than

66. that/which

67. causes

68. strengthen

69. energetic

70. it/running



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