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常考的60个熟词新义(含例句)


来源:高中英语 发布时间:2018-07-22 15:15:00 查看次数:

内容提要:60个高中英语常考的熟词生义,它们分布在各类考试题型中,2019高考生尤其要掌握哦!

1.absent  adj.缺席的→adj.茫然的,恍惚的
She looked at the picture in an absent(茫然的)way.
2.ache  v.& n.疼痛→v.渴望
Having left for ages,he was aching(渴望)for home.
3.address  n.地址   v.写地址→vt.发表演说
The president will address(发表演说)his speech at 3:00 pm.
4.against  prep.逆着,反对;倚,靠;碰→prep.以...为背景
The picture looks nice against(以...为背景)the white wall.
5.attend  v.出席;参加→v.看护;治疗;陪同
The nurse attended(看护)to him day and night.
6.blank  adj.空白的 n.空白→adj.没表情的;空虚的;没兴趣的
The stranger returned my greeting with a blank(没表情的)look.
7.blue  adj.& n.蓝色→adj.忧伤的
His songs always make me feel blue(忧伤的).
8.build  vt.建筑,建造→v.逐渐增强 n.体格,体形,身材
One should receive training to build(逐渐增强)up one's confidence.
You're right,Josh. He may have a small build(身材).
9.cause  vt.促使,引起→n.原因,起因;事业,目标
Even with a staff of 22 volunteers,Thomas often devotes up to 50 hours a week to his cause(事业).
10.cloudy  adj.阴的,多云的→adj.不明朗的,不清晰的
Who will take his place still remains cloudy(不明朗的).
11.coach  n.教练→v.辅导,指导
She coached(指导)me in playing football.
12.count  n.& v.计算,数→vi.有价值,重要
It is not how much you read but what you read that counts(重要).
13.course  n.课程;过程→n.一道菜
The courses(菜谱)vary with seasons.
14.cover  v.覆盖→v.行走(一段路程);足以支付,够付;采访n.书刊封面,封皮
Motor——cars cover(行走一段路程)a hundred miles in little more than an hour.
To cover(足以支付)the cost of hiring a bus, each student will have to pay $10 each time.
15.cross  v.跨越,横穿n.十字→adj.生气的
Don't be cross(生气的)with him—after all,he is a child.
16.desert  n.沙漠→v.抛弃,离弃
He deserted(抛弃)his  wife  and  children  and  went abroad.
17.deal  vi.处理,解决→n.交易
Having been cheated in a business deal(交易),he was reduced to nothing.
18.develop  v.发展;开发;研制→v.冲印
Did you have the films developed(冲印)?
19.drive  v.驾驶→v.迫使(某人做不好的事)
Hunger drove(迫使)her to steal.
20.express  v.表达→n.快车
Is there an express(快车)from Nanjing to Shanghai?
21.encourage  vt.鼓励;激励→v.促进,助长,刺激
Good health encourages(促进)clear thinking.
22.escape  v.逃跑;逃脱→v.被忘掉;被忽视
The name escapes(被忘掉)me for the moment.
23.explode  v.爆炸;爆裂→v.勃然大怒;大发雷霆
I'm about to explode(勃然大怒)!He broke his promise again.
24.exploit  v.开发;开采;剥削→v.利用
You must exploit(利用)every opportunity to learn English.
25.fail  vi.失败→vi.(健康)衰退,变弱
William found it increasingly difficult to read,for his eyesight was beginning to fail(变弱).
26.foreign  adj.外国的;外交的→adj.不熟悉的
The subject is foreign(不熟悉的)to all of us.
27.freeze  vi.结冰,(使)冻结→v.惊呆,吓呆
Grandfather froze(吓呆) in fear. Was he going to lose his job?
28.fresh  adj.新鲜的→adj.无经验的
She is quite fresh(无经验的)to the work.
29.ground  n.地面→n.理由
He has strong grounds(理由)for more money.
30.govern  v.管理;控制→vt.影响;支配
The law of supply and demand governs(影响)the prices of goods.
31.help  vt.帮助→vi.避免,防止,起作用
Try not to cough more than you can help(避免,防止)since it may cause problems to your lungs.
32.hit  v.击中,打击→n.成功;红极一时的人或事
Tuhao is quite a hit(风行一时的事物)of this year.
33.ill  adj.生病的→adj./adv.坏的/地
It's no good speaking ill(坏地)of others.
She had brought ill (坏的)luck into her family.
34.interest  n.兴趣→n.利益;股份
Our family has interests(利益)  in the business.
35.inspire  v.激励;鼓舞→v.启发
His best music was inspired(启发) by the memory of his mother.
36.jump  v.& n.跳→n.& v.大幅度上涨
Last week the price of goods jumped(大幅度上涨).
37.kill  v.杀死,弄死→v.消磨或打发(时间)
How does the man kill(打发时间)time?
38.last  adj.最后的→adj.最不可能的
He is the last(最不可能的)man I want to see.
39.match  n.火柴,旗鼓相当的人→vt.般配,与…匹配
She matched(匹配)the carpet with some very nice curtains in colour.
40.mean  v.打算;意味着→adj.小气的,吝啬的 means n.方式,方法
He is too mean(吝啬的)to make a donation.
In many places in China, the bicycle is still a popular means(方式)of transportation.
41.measure  n.措施,方法→v.估量,判定(重要性、价值或影响等)
It's hard to measure(判定) his ability when we haven't seen his work.
42.narrow  adj.狭窄的→vt.缩小,使变窄
Parents and children should communicate more to narrow (使变窄,缩小)  the gap between them so that they can understand each other better.
43.nurse  n.护士,保姆→v.看护,照料(病人或伤者)
For two days he was nursed(照料)by his mother.
44.note  n.笔记→v.注意,特别指出,提及
I noted(注意到)that her hands were dirty.
45.open  v.开adj.开着的,打开的→adj.(问题、议事等)未解决的
They left the matter open(未解决的).
46.operate  vi.机器运转工作;做手术→vi.起作用
The medicine operated(起作用)quickly.
47.position  n.位置;职位→n.立场;观点
What's your position(观点)on the problem?
48.promise  v.& n.许诺→v.有……的希望;使……有可能
The dark clouds promise(使……有可能)rain.
49.read  v.阅读→v.理解;领会
I didn't read(领会)mother's thoughts at that time.
50.say  vt.说→vt.假定,显示,表明
Say(假定)that war breaks out, what will you do?
51.shoulder  n.肩膀→v.承担
Young people should learn to shoulder(承担)the blame.
52.solid  adj.固定的,坚硬的→adj.可靠的,可信赖的
The research lacks solid(可靠的)evidence, and therefore, its conclusions are doubtful.
53.strength  n.力,力量,体力→n.长处,强项
A basketball coach must know the strengths(长处)and weaknesses of his players.
54.taste  v.品尝,尝出……味道→n.味道,鉴赏力,爱好
While she was in Paris, she developed a taste(爱好)for fine art.
55.sign  n.符号,记号→n.迹象,预兆 v.签字,签署
Bearing responsibility for his mistakes is a sign(征兆)of a man's maturity.
Therefore, students should be advised to sign(签字)up as soon as possible.
56.stand  v.站,站立,直立→v.忍受 n.货摊
The author could not stand(忍受)living in a wooden house.
I found the fish stand(货摊)surrounded in a sea of customers.
57.store  n.(大型)百货商店→v.& n.贮藏,贮存,保存
Although dams can be built to store(贮存)water for agricultural use in dry areas and dry seasons.
58.treat  vt.以…态度对待→vt.治疗,医治 v.&n.款待,招待
The doctor is skilled at treating(治疗)heart trouble and never accepts any gift from his patients, so he has a very good reputation.
Let's go out for lunch—my treat(款待).
59.walk  v.& n.行走;步行→n.行业
This society welcomes people from all walks(行业)of life.
60.wear  v.穿,戴→v.面带,流露;留(发,须等)
I can still remember he was always wearing(面带)a smile and willing to help.
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