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2018年高考英语考前清单


来源:网络整理 发布时间:2018-05-21 14:36:00 查看次数:

内容提要:今天给各位同学带来的是英语考前清单,该记就记,该背的背,哪怕看一看也好呀。预祝各位考生考试顺利!

  一、单词拼写
  1.容易错写词尾的单词
  (1) 是ar不是er :
  grammar, vinegar 醋, regular, popular, dollar, beggar乞丐, sugar, particular
  (2)是 or 不是er:
  professor, visitor, translator, director, editor, educator, actor, inventor, competitor
  2.容易颠倒字母顺序的单词(括号中为错词)
  destroy (destory) , first (frist) , Friday (Firday) friend (firend) ,receive (recieve) , true (ture),amateur (amature)
  3.容易丢掉一个字母的单词
  (1)容易丢掉字母n:government,environment,environmental
  (2)容易丢掉不发音的字母:Christmas,Wednesday
  (3)拼写比较特别的单词:committee,guarantee,dilemma,opportunity,bridegroom新郎,spokesman,succeed,competition,February
  4.容易多一个字母的单词(括号中为错词)
  develop (develope) , habit (habbit) , proud (pround) ,modern (mordern) , until (untill) , souvenir (souvenire) ,similar (similiar)
  5.词形相近,词义、词性容易混淆的单词
  quiet- quite, aboard- abroad, broad- board, adopt- adapt, alone- along, horse- house, except- expect , through- thorough, price- prize- praise, quality- quantity, it- it's, everyday- every day, beside- besides, affect- effect , typewriter- typist, cook- cooker, physicist- physician, late- later, latter- lately, seize- size , sweet- sweat, till- until , sigh- sign, weather- whether, rise- raise, piece- peace, rough- tough, steel- steal- still, sometime- sometimes- some time- sometimes, past- passed, wander- wonder, father- farther- feather, diary- dairy, form- from, hard- hardly, metal- medal- mental, than- then, principle- principal ,enable- unable, overcome克服- come over 过来, altitude- attitude, ever-never, either-neither 
  6.该双写却没有双写的单词
  unforgettable, beginning, written , inferred, referred , occurred,sitting, putting, scanned, stopped, planned,
  7.不该双写却双写的单词(括号中为错词)
  writing (writting) , eaten (eatten) , suffer (sufferred)
  8.必须去掉字母e的单词
  unbelievable, valuable, argument, truly,simply, gently,
  9.不能去掉字母e的单词
  (un) changeable, (re) chargeable, hopeful, envelope,moveable
  10.两个变化非常特别的单词
  panic-panicked-panicking
  picnic-picnicked-picnicking
  二、词性转化容易出错词
  1.动词变名词比较特殊的单词
  describe - description, explain- explanation, pronounce- pronunciation, permit-permission, conclude-conclusion, admit-admission, prepare-preparation , decide—decision, conclude-conclusion,arrive-arrival, survive-survival-survivor, pronounce-pronunciation, weigh-weight
  2.名词变形容词比较特殊的单词
  nature-natural, benefit- beneficial, technique-techinical, science-scientific, ture-truth
  3.形容词变名词比较特殊的单词
  curious-curiosity, able-ability, dangerous- danger, anxious-anxiety, broad-breadth, long-length, wide/width, deep-depth, responsible-responsibility, popular-popularity, proud-pride, 
  4.形容词变副词不去e的单词
  (un) fortunate -(un) fortunately, immediate-immediately, absolute-absolutely, rude-rudely, approximate-approximately, desperate-desperately, large-largely, accurate-accurately
  但true-truly ! simple-simply, gentle-gently, whole-wholly,
  5.形容词与副词同形的单词
  straight,fast,late,hard,free等。
  6.形容词变副词,去e加y的单词(以-ble,pIe结尾的单词,去e加y就好)
  simple-simply,(im)possible-(im)possibly, probable-probably,(un)comfortable-(un)comfortably
  7.基数词转化为序数词比较特殊的单词
  one- first, two- second, three-third, five-fifth, eight-eighth, nine-ninth, twelve-twelfth
  整数位的-ty要改为-tieth,如twenty-twentieth, sixty-sixtieth
  另外,注意这些数词的变化:four-fourteen-forty , five-fifteen-fifty
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