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2018届各地高考考前试题难句解析


来源:英语语法网 发布时间:2018-05-13 10:08:00 查看次数:

内容提要:2018届各地高考考前试题难句解析(一)至(六) 作者:安徽临泉班超教育 张必成

  2018届各地高考考前试题难句解析(一)
  ■安徽临泉班超教育  张必成
  1.【湖北省8校2联考·语法填空】Plus, I lived over two years in China before Jun and I started dating and I   69   (expect) to use chopsticks in almost every restaurant, stand and bar.
  【参考译文】此外,在跟军恋爱以前我就在中国呆了长达两年还多,期间,每次下馆子吃小摊以及去咖啡厅,人们总是要我使用筷子。(原题参考答案提供译文有误)
  【参考解析】本题答案不难,was expected。难点有两处,一是要把时间段 + before这种结构【言时之久】的意义准确翻译出来;二是be expected的准确含义要搞清楚,这里是“被要求去做”的意思,而不是“预计”。
  2.【成都市高三1诊·完形填空】 Tricia was one of the first caregivers to go on vacation. When Tricia got a call saying she was offered a free vacation, she couldn’t ___51___ it; disbelief even ___52 ___ her concern about leaving her two kids.
  【参考译文】翠西卡是首批去度假的护理员之一。当接到获得这次免费假期之时她几乎难以置信。这等飞来美差使其最终不惜落下两个孩子(而决意成行)。
  【参考解析】51空填believe;52空填defeated。一处难点是to go on vacation这里表达过去事件,而不是将来;再一个是最后一个分句的理解,字面意思是“难以置信的兴奋感甚至战胜了对离开孩子的担心”。
  3.【巅峰语法填空专项练习题】Push at a rate of 100 beats a minute. You can’t harm them doing this ___10___ might just save a life.
  【参看译文】保持一分钟一百次的频率。你这样做不会伤害到他们,相反却可能会挽救一条生命。
  【参考解析】本题难度比较大。考查并列连词and的特殊用法。这里and是and yet的省略式,表达强烈对比,并且呼应第一段的Too often people don’t do anything because they think they will kill the patient, but by learning simple rules you could make the difference between life and death. 本题改编自《用美国小学课本学英语》的章节。难点之处在于,易把此句看做not ... but结构。实际上此句是前后两个情态动词的照应:can’t不可能;might有可能。再一个因素是and与but的书写格式问题,but除去某些特殊结构外,在连接两个主语相同的并列分句时,主语往往不省略。
  4.【赣州摸底考试·完形填空】Jackson lived on top of the hill. From his house, he could see the sea and the village below. One day, the villagers noticed something different about the sea, The sea seemed to be moving away from the ___43___. None of the villagers knew what was happening.
  43.          A.land      B.hill      C.shore      D.village
  【参考解析】这段话是在为下文的海啸到来做铺垫。如果根据常识,海水不是要离开海岸的吗,很容易误选C。实际上本题选择A。海水离开海岸,每天的自然潮汐都会有此现象发生,这与上文的“村民发现大海有所异样”无法照应。这里的land相对应的是深海,即海水向深海远离陆地而去,突出了海啸到来前的的蓄势过程。
  5.【广东深圳市2诊·语法填空】Bzeek, 62, has spent the last 20 years as a foster (代养) father to children he knows are going to die, ___61___ he takes them in anyway. He has cared for the sickest of the sick in the county’s foster care system. Some have died in his arms.
  【参考译文】62岁的Bzeek领养晚期病重儿童已经20有年了,虽然明知他们会不久于世,他依然不改初心。他在县里的领养中心照顾他们,有些孩子在他的臂弯里离世。
  【参考解析】题目不难,填but/yet。难在前部分。这是一个带有插入语因而省略作定从主语的关系代词who的句子。特别要注意的是这个省略掉的who在完整句中的位置:Bzeek, 62, has spent the last 20 years as a foster (代养) father to children who he knows are going to die...。
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