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高考英语短文改错答题秘籍,不可错过


来源:网络整理 发布时间:2016-12-15 23:26:00 查看次数:

内容提要:谓语动词的错误是历年考试的重点和热点,常见动词错误类型有

短文改错常见错误类型

1. 谓语动词的错误是历年考试的重点和热点,常见动词错误类型有:

①一般现在时与一般过去时错用,如:

They did not want me to do any work at home; they want me to devote all my time to my studies.did 改为do

and 前后动词时态不一致,如:

As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. visiting 改为 visited

③主谓不一致,如:

One evening she told me that something happened when her parents was out. was 改为were

④缺少动词,特别是be动词,如:

There will an important game next month. will后加be

⑤第三人称单数形式错用

⑥主动语态和被动语态错用

2. 名词的常见错误:

单复数名词错用,可数名词与不可数名词错用

I’ll get good marks in all my subject.subject 改为subjects

Their word were a great encouragement to me.word 改为words

Without enough knowledges, you can never teach well.knowledges改为knowledge

3. 连词错误:

连词包括关系代词、副词,并列连词and/ or/but等。关于连词,一般考查从句关系 who/whom/whose/what/which/how/why/when/where/if/whether等。

I have a good friend who’s name is Liu Mei. (错用了who的所有格形式,改为whose

I teach them, play with them, but watch them growing up. (此处应该是并列的关系而非转折,but改为 and

Clever as she is, but she works very hard.as意为尽管,不能再跟but连用,所以去掉but

4. 冠词错误:

1)误用aan(根据单词的第一个音素来判定)

2)误用a/an the(固定搭配,或泛指、特指;多冠词或少冠词)

We may be one family and live under a same roof. a 改为thethe same 是固定搭配)

As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain with all kindsof pants. mountain是可数名词需用冠词,所以其前加 a

I hope you have pleasant journey.journey是可数名词,故have后加a

5. 形容词和副词错误:

1)系动词后用形容词(be/am/is/are/was/were/become/go/感官性动词 smell /feel

2)词性的误用(形容词修饰名词;副词修饰动词、形容词)

I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together. time是名词所以要用形容词wonderful修饰)

My pronunciation was terribly.was后用形容词,terribly改为terrible.

6. 代词错误:

1)代词的主格和宾格(I / me; he/him; she/ her; we/ us they/ them )错误

2)反身代词(myself/yourself/himself/herself/themselves/ourselves)使用错误

3)代词的单数和复数使用错误

4)代词指代错误

5)多代词或少代词

Soon I began to enjoy talking to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English. me 改为 myself

One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher. to前加it

If any one of us had any difficulty in our life and study, the other would help him out. other后加s

What’s more, you have to be friends with your pupils and take good care of him. him改为them

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