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巧解定语从句引导词


来源:百试乐微信公众号 发布时间:2017-12-04 10:36:02 查看次数:

内容提要:定语从句学习中最难的就是引导词的准确使用问题,也是定语从句考查频率最高的考点。其实,掌握了下面公式,这个问题就可以迎刃而解:

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定语从句学习中最难的就是引导词的准确使用问题,也是定语从句考查频率最高的考点。其实,掌握了下面公式,这个问题就可以迎刃而解:

引导词=什么+什么

所谓指什么,就是说引导词是指代人、事、物,还是全句?这点一般取决于先行词;而作什么,则是看引导词在句中作什么句子成分,这个取决于定语从句——两者相比,作什么成分更为重要!

试试尝试下面这组题目,看看是不是头大了

1.This is the factory ________ we worked three years ago.

2.This is the factory ________ we visited three years ago.

3.This is the factory ________ we spent three years when we were young.

4.This is the factory ________ produced bicycles three years ago.

5.This is the factory ________ products sold well three years ago.

6.This is the factory ________ the products sold well three years ago.

其实,把握住了引导词”=“(先行词)指什么+作什么(担当何种句子成分)这个公式,特别是引导词在句中担当的句子成分这个牛鼻子,题目就很简单了!

找找你能对照下表快速准确地确定上面题目的引导词吗?用好一个简单公式,巧解定语从句引导词

查查以上6题答案解析如下。你做得对吗?

1. wherein which(句中缺地点状语);

2. thatwhich或省略(visit为及物动词,句中缺宾语);

3. wherein which(定语从句主谓宾齐全,缺地点状语);

4. whichthat(句中缺主语);

5. whose(空后是名词,一定缺定语;只要缺定语,一定用whose);

6. of which(请注意和第5题比较,是不是多了一个定冠词the?这就是“of which+ the +名词“the+名词+of which”用法,相当于whose的变体)

想想用上面公式,试着解解这些高考题目,想想你的思路。

【高考链接】2015年新课标卷I,语法填空)I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River___64___are pictured by artists in so many Chinese paintings.

【解析】考查定语从句引导词的准确应用,答案为whichthat。此处容易误填为where

公式:which/that=(指代)the limestone mountain tops and dark waters +作(非限定性定语从句中的)主语。

【高考链接】2015年广东卷,语法填空)When harvest came around, he was already selling herbs, vegetables and cotton in the market ___24___ people from the town met regularly.

【解析】考查定语从句引导词的准确应用,答案为where

公式:where=(指代)the market+作(定语从句中)地点状语。

练练趁热打铁,再练一把,看看你学会了多少?

1. 2017年北京卷,单选改编,31 The little problems ________ we meet in our daily lives may be inspirations for great inventions.

2. 2017年江苏卷,单选改编,28 In 1963 the UN set up the World Food Programme, one of ________ purposes is to relieve worldwide starvation.

3.2017年天津卷,单选改编,9 My eldest son, ________ work takes him all over the world, is in New York at the moment.

4.2016年天津卷,单选改编,9We will put off the picnic in the park until next week, ________ the weather may be better.

5.2015年重庆卷,单选改编,14 He wrote many children’ s books, nearly half of ________ were published in the 1990s.

6.2015年北京卷,单选改编,24Opposite is St.Paul’s Church, ________ you can hear some lovely music.

7. 2015年陕西卷,单选改编,15 As the smallest child of his family, Alex is always longing for the time ________ he should be able to be independent.

8. 2014年广东卷,语法填空) The next day, my brother and I went to the beach   ________ we watched some people play volleyball.

9. 2013年福建卷,单选改编,27 The book tells stories of the earthquake through the eyes of those________ lives were affected.

10. 2013年山东卷,单选改编,31 There is no simple answer, ________ is often the case in science.

【参考答案】

1.that/which  2.whose  3.whose  4.when  5.which  6.where  7.when  8.where  9.whose  10.as

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