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惠州市2017届高三第二次调研考试


来源:网络转载 发布时间:2016-11-01 21:23:00 查看次数:

内容提要:惠州市2017届高三第二次调研考试

惠州市2017届高三第二次调研考试

    2016.10

本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。满分120分(最终成绩按总分135分进行折算),考试用时120分钟。

注意事项:

1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。

2. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名,准考证号填写在答题卡相应的位置。

3. 全部答案应在答题卡上完成,答在本试卷上无效。

4. 考试结束后,将答题卡交回。

I

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节  (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Flying can be fun and exciting, no matter what you choose to do. But have you ever thought about what happens on the plane?

Here are some of the most interesting things that happen.

Do planes drop human waste while in flight?

When you flush a toilet on a plane at an altitude of 30,000 feet, there must be a question on your mind: “Is this about to land on a farmer’s house?”

Take it easy. A plane’s toilets cannot be emptied in the sky. The waste is stored in tanks on board and can only be operated by the ground crew.

However, why is news like “blue ice falling out of a plane” reported? Is blue ice human waste? Stories about blue ice are true but rarely happen. The FAA said some lavatory holding tanks have a blue chemical in them. If a tank leaks high in the air, the water freezes once it hits the outside air, and melts before it lands on the ground.

Is turbulence (颠簸) dangerous?

It’s scary, uncomfortable and spills your drink. But is turbulence something you really need to worry about?

Absolutely not. It’s part of flying, and it isn’t dangerous. Turbulence is caused when two masses of air hit one another at different speeds. Wind, thunderstorms and closeness to mountains are all possible reasons. Despite how dangerous it feels, turbulence won’t crash your plane. Even in extremely rough air, the wing is not going to break off.

Why are plane windows round?

If you have traveled by plane before, you may have noticed that every plane window has a round design. This isn’t to make the plane look good. It’s for the safety of everyone on board.

As the airplane flies higher and higher, the outside atmospheric pressure gets lower and lower. In the end, the pressure inside the plane becomes greater than the pressure outside. At this time, windows that can resist pressure are needed.

Square windows can crack. The different pressure inside and outside put stress on the right angles. However, rounded corners help to reduce these stresses by spreading them around the window.

21.It can be learned from the passage that________.

        A. passengers’waste falls onto the land direct     

        B. blue ice frequently falls out of planes

        C. blue ice from a plane is a great safety threat   

        D. passengers’waste is dealt with on the ground

22.According to the passage,turbulence________.

        A. is very dangerous                                  B. seldom happens during flying

        C. may crash a plane                                  D. can be caused for many reasons

23.The plane window has a round design for the purpose of _________.

        A. economy            B. security                 C. beauty                   D. convenience

24.The passage is meant to ________.

        A. tell us some interesting facts about flying B. inform us of flying safety tips

        C. warn us of the danger of flying             D. introduce us the design of a plane

                                        B

Chinese colleges have come up with an unusual way to help freshmen settle in. They turn their gyms into campsites for moms and dads, some of whom have traveled thousands of miles across the country, to say goodbye.

For the past five years, Tianjin University in northern China has provided free accommodation for parents in what it calls "tents of love". Other schools let parents sleep on mats in school gymnasiums.

"Going to college is a life moment and my parents didn’t want to miss that," said Zhang Jinqi, a freshman at Tianjin University majoring in applied chemistry. His parents traveled with him on the 19-hour train journey from Jiangxi province in southern China.

Images of schools gyms packed with parents have been widely shared on Chinese social media prompting a debate on whether China’s only children are too coddled.

Some have voiced criticism of Tianjin University, saying that they think both the parents and the children should be more independent.

Xiong Bingqi, the deputy director of think-tank 21st Century Education Research Institutethinks the problem is overstated. "It has always been a problem in China that at the start of every school year, colleges are packed with parents who come along to drop off their children and stay with them," he said. "For some families, it’s their way to celebrate the first-ever family member who’s able to go to college," Xiong added. "There’s nothing wrong with sharing the happiness."

Zhang’s father said the decision to escort their son was a no-brainer. He and his wife are among the many "campers" who sleep in the 550 temporary tents set up in the Tianjin University gym.

"My child has lots of luggage and we also want to go travel," said his father Zhang Yonghui. "The hotels nearby are fully booked so I had to sleep in the tents."

Their son also shrugged off the criticism although he said he was looking forward to living on his own for the first time. "Being accompanied by my parents doesn’t mean I’m spoiled."

25.Zhang Jinqi thought his parents accompanied him to his university mainly because _____.

        A. they wanted to go to travel in Tianjin

        B. they wanted to help him with his luggage

        C. they wanted to witness his important life moment     

        D. they doubted his independence

26.Xiong Bingqi thinks going to college with parents’company ______.

        A. is not such a serious problem as people think

        B. is a chance for freshmen to travel with their parents

        C. is a long-lasting problem to be solved

        D. is not good for the freshmen to build up their independence

27.The underlined phrase “shrugged off”probably means_________.

        A. was in favor of                                      B. thought nothing of

        C. was ashamed of                                     D. was concerned about

28.What’s the main idea of the passage?

        A. “Tents of love”is widely criticized.       B. Chinese only children are too spoiled.

        C. There are different opinions on “tents of love”.                    

        D. Chinese college education is faced with a big challenge.

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