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高一必修1 Unit 4 Earthquakes词汇


来源:高中英语教学交流 发布时间:2009-08-15 09:21:32 查看次数:

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I. Words for reading

1. imagine vt. form a picture of in the mind;think of (sth.) as probable:想象;认为(某事)可能发生或存在。宾语为名词、代词、动名词、从句。宾语从句为否定意义时,要用否定转移,与think, believe, suppose, expect用法相同,成为I/ We don’t imagine…,意为“我(们)认为……不……如:We can imagine her sadness.我们可以想象她的悲伤。I didn’t imagine (my) becoming a teacher in my childhood.在童年时代,我并未想象能成为一名教师。Can you imagine how much I was surprised to hear the news?你能想象我听见这个消息有多惊讶吗?I don’t imagine so. = I imagine not.我认为不是这样。
imagine, guess, suppose
imagine意为“想象,幻想”,指在脑海中形成一个清晰明确的印象,或认为某事物可能发生或存在;
guess: form an opinion, give an answer, make a statement, based on supposition, not on careful thought, calculation, or definite knowledge: “猜测,臆测”,指未知道前的猜测;
suppose: let it be though that; take it as a fact that:认定,假定; guess; think: “想象,推测”,意指“假定或假设中的情形”。

2. shake, tremble
shake:
move, be moved, quickly or violently up and down, forwards and backwards: 最普通用词,可指人或物 “摇动,发抖”。指人时常用于感情激动、寒冷、惧怕引起的身体颤动。在表示 “因……而颤抖”时,多用with。在表示 “使受震撼,使(信念等)动摇”,常用于be shaken by/with/at中。
tremble: shake involuntarily ( with fear, anger, cold, physical weakness, etc.) 颤栗,震颤,发抖(因恐惧,愤怒,寒冷,体弱等),常常与shake相互替换,但指握手,摇头或捧腹大笑时用shake, tremble只用作不及物动词。如:The poor boy was shaking with cold.这个孩子正冻的发抖。They were badly shaken by the news.他们对这个消息大为震惊。The host shook hands with all the guests.主人跟所有的客人握手。Her voice was trembling with anger.她气的声音发抖。

3. rise, raise
rise vi.
( of the sun, moon, stars, river, price, temperature, etc.) appear above the horizon:指自然“上升”,常用于日、月、云、霞、烟、水蒸气、物价、温度、河水、潮水及人的职位等:He rose from his chair and began his speech.他从椅子上站起来开始了他的演说。Her temperature is still rising.他的体温还在上升。He has risen in rank.他已经升职了。
raise vt. 1. lift up; move from a low(er) to a high(er) level; cause to rise: 外部的力量,“举起、提高”: The people’s living standard has greatly been raised.人民的生活水平已大大的提高了。 2.grow or produce (crops); breed (sheep, etc.); bring up a family: 饲养、种植”、养育、抚育: They can raise rice here.他们这儿能种水稻。

4. burst into / burst out : send out suddenly; break out into; suddenly begin to ……
burst into + doing:  She burst into tears. = She burst out crying.她突然哭起来了。
burst out + n.:All of them burst into laughter = All of them burst out laughing.他们全都大笑起来了。

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